Agni Mantra

Agni Mantra

Wednesday, February 06, 2008

USA Charts

|| Om Gurave Namah ||

|| Om Gam Ganapataye Namah ||

USA Economic Crisis Handling - 2008


Dear Jyotishas,

For the past couple of months I was thinking USA chart due to the current economic crisis it's facing. The chart which I am using is 4-July-1976, 5:48PM (Appx) LMT, Philadelphia, PA, USA. After trying out various charts, I adjusted the time by few minutes to match some of the events. I request learned jyotishas to consider this and give their critique. Pt. Sanjay Rath in one of the Jyotish Digests has mentioned about using 144 Years solar Pravesha chart for USA. The 144-Year solar pravesha chart is July-7-1920, 3:29:01PM LMT for the same place.

Then to explain the current events I am using Tithi pravesha chart on the 144-Years-Solar Pravesha Chart. The tithi pravesha technique has been used in mundane Jyotish by Pt. Sanjay Rath, Refer the current Jyotish digest for Pakistan's chart.

The Current year (2007Jul to 2008Jul) The Hora lord is mercury, Lagna is Cancer, Mercury and Sun are in 12th house. The 2nd lord in 12th house indicates loss of wealth. The conjunction with hora lord indicates that this event will be focused this year. 4th lord venus is in 2nd house showing that the housing can depend(disposited) on the national wealth (2nd), The Sun tithi astottari dasa was from 21Jan2008 to 10Feb2008, which was after the Venus tithi ashtottari dasa. The market started to correct very much due this. There is a fear of depression (Ketu), 5th lord (people) in 2nd, Ketu will act like both Venus (conjunct) and sun (dispositor). I think more such market corrections can be seen during the Mercury dasa also, (Apr2008 to Jun2008).

If you look The next year 2008Jun to 2009Jun Tithi pravesha for USA, it also seems difficult. Hora lord is Moon, with Aquarius lagna, Moon being 6th lord in lagna generally denotes worries from enemies and debts. But moon being disposited by Lagna lord, It shows much can be recovered. The moon dispositor Saturn and Rahu can show such come back. 2008Jun to 2008Jul is Saturn dasa, 2008Sep to 2008Nov is Rahu dasa. Saturn being in 7th Kendra can be more helpful, than Rahu being in 12th, it can indicate more losses.

Learned jyotishas, can try out these charts for USA and give their opinion.


Warm Regards

Sanjay P


The charts and references are given below.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

USA

Natal Chart

Date: July 4, 1776

Time: 5:51:00 pm

Time Zone: 5:01:00 (West of GMT)

Place: 75 W 09' 51", 39 N 57' 08"

Philadelphia 5:49 5:00, Pennsylvania, USA

Altitude: 40.00 meters

Lunar Yr-Mo: Durmukha - Ashadha

Tithi: Krishna Chaturthi (Me) (31.41% left)

Vedic Weekday: Sunday (Su)

Nakshatra: Satabhishak (Ra) (98.60% left)

Yoga: Ayushman (Ke) (78.93% left)

Karana: Balava (Mo) (62.82% left)

Hora Lord: Mars (5 min sign: Cp)

Mahakala Hora: Saturn (5 min sign: Sg)

Kaala Lord: Venus (Mahakala: Rahu)

Sunrise: 4:37:02 am

Sunset: 7:29:22 pm

Janma Ghatis: 33.0818

Ayanamsa: 20-44-00.34

Sidereal Time: 12:45:20

Body Longitude Nakshatra Pada Rasi Navamsa

Lagna 0 Sg 22' 43.97" Mool 1 Sg Ar

Sun - AmK 22 Ge 37' 20.07" Puna 1 Ge Ar

Moon - PK 6 Aq 51' 12.00" Sata 1 Aq Sg

Mars - DK 0 Ge 40' 16.97" Mrig 3 Ge Li

Mercury (R) - GK 3 Cn 26' 57.01" Push 1 Cn Le

Jupiter - BK 15 Ge 12' 52.63" Ardr 3 Ge Aq

Venus - PiK 12 Ge 25' 07.09" Ardr 2 Ge Cp

Saturn - AK 24 Vi 04' 28.89" Chit 1 Vi Le

Rahu - MK 16 Cn 51' 24.64" Asre 1 Cn Sg

Ketu 16 Cp 51' 24.64" Srav 3 Cp Ge

Maandi 15 Sc 57' 04.35" Anu 4 Sc Sc

Gulika 4 Sc 45' 36.66" Anu 1 Sc Le

Bhava Lagna 10 Cp 35' 16.35" Srav 1 Cp Ar

Hora Lagna 29 Cn 04' 44.28" Asre 4 Cn Pi

Ghati Lagna 24 Pi 33' 08.05" Reva 3 Pi Aq

Vighati Lagna 1 Cn 55' 06.91" Puna 4 Cn Cn

Varnada Lagna 0 Pi 22' 43.97" Aswi 1 Pi Pi

Sree Lagna 5 Sg 25' 08.07" Mool 2 Sg Ta

Pranapada Lagna 2 Sc 26' 38.54" Visa 4 Sc Cn

Indu Lagna 6 Cn 51' 12.00" Push 2 Cn Vi

Dhooma 5 Sc 57' 20.07" Anu 1 Sc Le

Vyatipata 24 Le 02' 39.93" PPha 4 Le Sc

Parivesha 24 Aq 02' 39.93" PBha 2 Aq Ta

Indra Chapa 5 Ta 57' 20.07" Krit 3 Ta Aq

Upaketu 22 Ta 37' 20.07" Rohi 4 Ta Cn

Kaala 2 Cn 50' 55.26" Puna 4 Cn Cn

Mrityu 17 Le 06' 22.56" PPha 2 Le Vi

Artha Prahara 9 Vi 23' 52.88" UPha 4 Vi Pi

Yama Ghantaka 1 Li 41' 15.69" Chit 3 Li Li

Prana Sphuta 6 Pi 39' 16.52" UBha 1 Pi Le

Deha Sphuta 29 Le 35' 12.69" UPha 1 Le Sg

Mrityu Sphuta 25 Le 56' 36.67" PPha 4 Le Sc

Sookshma TriSphuta 2 Cp 11' 05.87" USha 2 Cp Cp

TriSphuta 11 Ta 59' 32.63" Rohi 1 Ta Ar

ChatusSphuta 4 Le 36' 52.70" Magh 2 Le Ta

PanchaSphuta 21 Sc 28' 17.34" Jye 2 Sc Cp

Kunda 0 Ta 41' 21.72" Krit 2 Ta Cp

+-----------------------------------------------+

|GL | | |Su Ma |

| | | |Ju Ve |

| | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

|-----------+-----------------------+-----------|

|Mo | |MeR Ra |

| | |HL |

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |

|-----------| Rasi |-----------|

|Ke | | |

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |

|-----------+-----------------------+-----------|

|As |Md Gk | |Sa AL |

| | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

+-----------------------------------------------+

USA-144

Natal Chart

Date: July 7, 1920

Time: 3:32:01 pm

Time Zone: 5:01:00 (West of GMT)

Place: 75 W 09' 51", 39 N 57' 08"

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Altitude: 40.00 meters

Lunar Yr-Mo: Raudra - Ashadha

Tithi: Krishna Sapthami (Sa) (87.46% left)

Vedic Weekday: Wednesday (Me)

Nakshatra: Uttarabhadra (Sa) (79.05% left)

Yoga: Sobhana (Su) (59.38% left)

Karana: Vishti (Sa) (74.92% left)

Hora Lord: Jupiter (5 min sign: Cp)

Mahakala Hora: Saturn (5 min sign: Le)

Kaala Lord: Jupiter (Mahakala: Mars)

Sunrise: 4:38:41 am

Sunset: 7:28:58 pm

Janma Ghatis: 27.2222

Ayanamsa: 22-45-01.06

Sidereal Time: 10:34:22

Body Longitude Nakshatra Pada Rasi Navamsa

Lagna 1 Sc 34' 53.59" Visa 4 Sc Cn

Sun - BK 22 Ge 37' 20.10" Puna 1 Ge Ar

Moon - DK 6 Pi 07' 38.23" UBha 1 Pi Le

Mars - GK 6 Li 08' 00.89" Chit 4 Li Sc

Mercury - MK 16 Cn 16' 27.86" Push 4 Cn Sc

Jupiter - AK 26 Cn 34' 22.51" Asre 3 Cn Aq

Venus - AmK 23 Ge 43' 50.18" Puna 2 Ge Ta

Saturn - PiK 15 Le 09' 15.53" PPha 1 Le Le

Rahu - PK 19 Li 38' 01.90" Swat 4 Li Pi

Ketu 19 Ar 38' 01.90" Bhar 2 Ar Vi

Maandi 9 Vi 12' 32.83" UPha 4 Vi Pi

Gulika 28 Le 03' 41.87" UPha 1 Le Sg

Bhava Lagna 5 Sg 31' 23.55" Mool 2 Sg Ta

Hora Lagna 18 Ta 51' 23.99" Rohi 3 Ta Ge

Ghati Lagna 28 Vi 51' 25.29" Chit 2 Vi Vi

Vighati Lagna 18 Cn 51' 31.82" Asre 1 Cn Sg

Varnada Lagna 1 Sg 34' 53.59" Aswi 1 Sg Li

Sree Lagna 17 Cp 01' 05.73" Srav 3 Cp Ge

Pranapada Lagna 19 Sc 17' 28.80" Jye 1 Sc Sg

Indu Lagna 6 Sg 07' 38.23" Mool 2 Sg Ta

Dhooma 5 Sc 57' 20.10" Anu 1 Sc Le

Vyatipata 24 Le 02' 39.90" PPha 4 Le Sc

Parivesha 24 Aq 02' 39.90" PBha 2 Aq Ta

Indra Chapa 5 Ta 57' 20.10" Krit 3 Ta Aq

Upaketu 22 Ta 37' 20.10" Rohi 4 Ta Cn

Kaala 23 Li 25' 27.07" Visa 2 Li Ta

Mrityu 9 Sg 47' 00.74" Mool 3 Sg Ge

Artha Prahara 2 Cn 49' 32.52" Puna 4 Cn Cn

Yama Ghantaka 24 Cn 55' 48.12" Asre 3 Cn Aq

Prana Sphuta 5 Le 58' 09.80" Magh 2 Le Ta

Deha Sphuta 17 Aq 04' 47.69" Sata 4 Aq Pi

Mrityu Sphuta 9 Ta 03' 13.21" Krit 4 Ta Pi

Sookshma TriSphuta 2 Le 06' 10.70" Magh 1 Le Ar

TriSphuta 5 Pi 46' 13.69" UBha 1 Pi Le

ChatusSphuta 28 Ta 23' 33.78" Mrig 2 Ta Vi

PanchaSphuta 18 Sg 01' 35.68" PSha 2 Sg Vi

Kunda 8 Sc 06' 20.39" Anu 2 Sc Vi

+-----------------------------------------------+

|Mo |Ke |HL |Su Ve |

| | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

|-----------+-----------------------+-----------|

| | |Me Ju |

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |

|-----------| Rasi |-----------|

| | |Sa Gk |

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |

|-----------+-----------------------+-----------|

| |As |Ma Ra |GL Md |

| | | |AL |

| | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

+-----------------------------------------------+


USA-144

Annual TP

Date: July 6, 2007

Time: 5:39:43 am

Time Zone: 5:01:00 (West of GMT)

Place: 75 W 09' 51", 39 N 57' 08"

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Altitude: 40.00 meters

Lunar Yr-Mo: Sarva-jit - Nija Jyeshtha

Tithi: Krishna Sapthami (Sa) (87.46% left)

Vedic Weekday: Friday (Ve)

Nakshatra: Uttarabhadra (Sa) (98.35% left)

Yoga: Sobhana (Su) (97.99% left)

Karana: Vishti (Sa) (74.92% left)

Hora Lord: Mercury (5 min sign: Vi)

Mahakala Hora: Sun (5 min sign: Pi)

Kaala Lord: Venus (Mahakala: Saturn)

Sunrise: 4:38:21 am

Sunset: 7:29:28 pm

Janma Ghatis: 2.5571

Ayanamsa: 23-57-48.71

Sidereal Time: 0:36:13

Body Longitude Nakshatra Pada Rasi Navamsa

Lagna 1 Cn 50' 42.42" Puna 4 Cn Cn

Sun - AmK 20 Ge 02' 54.24" Puna 1 Ge Ar

Moon - GK 3 Pi 33' 12.37" UBha 1 Pi Le

Mars - MK 14 Ar 19' 49.36" Bhar 1 Ar Le

Mercury (R) - PK 9 Ge 02' 38.03" Ardr 1 Ge Sg

Jupiter (R) - BK 17 Sc 26' 56.84" Jye 1 Sc Sg

Venus - DK 1 Le 37' 57.94" Magh 1 Le Ar

Saturn - AK 28 Cn 56' 20.31" Asre 4 Cn Pi

Rahu - PiK 15 Aq 50' 00.61" Sata 3 Aq Aq

Ketu 15 Le 50' 00.61" PPha 1 Le Le

Maandi 22 Cn 50' 52.41" Asre 2 Cn Cp

Gulika 11 Cn 50' 46.04" Push 3 Cn Li

Bhava Lagna 5 Cn 21' 00.92" Push 1 Cn Le

Hora Lagna 20 Cn 41' 33.86" Asre 2 Cn Cp

Ghati Lagna 6 Vi 43' 12.68" UPha 4 Vi Pi

Vighati Lagna 26 Ar 51' 26.79" Krit 1 Ar Sg

Varnada Lagna 1 Li 50' 42.42" Aswi 1 Li Ar

Sree Lagna 7 Cn 47' 16.29" Push 2 Cn Vi

Pranapada Lagna 26 Le 53' 53.05" UPha 1 Le Sg

Indu Lagna 3 Ge 33' 12.37" Mrig 4 Ge Sc

Dhooma 3 Sc 22' 54.24" Anu 1 Sc Le

Vyatipata 26 Le 37' 05.76" PPha 4 Le Sc

Parivesha 26 Aq 37' 05.76" PBha 2 Aq Ta

Indra Chapa 3 Ta 22' 54.24" Krit 3 Ta Aq

Upaketu 20 Ta 02' 54.24" Rohi 4 Ta Cn

Kaala 7 Vi 09' 26.13" UPha 4 Vi Pi

Mrityu 21 Li 25' 48.01" Visa 1 Li Ar

Artha Prahara 13 Sc 39' 02.29" Anu 4 Sc Sc

Yama Ghantaka 7 Sg 41' 55.77" Mool 3 Sg Ge

Prana Sphuta 21 Li 04' 18.15" Visa 1 Li Ar

Deha Sphuta 10 Sg 16' 24.96" Mool 4 Sg Cn

Mrityu Sphuta 12 Ge 58' 16.51" Ardr 2 Ge Cp

Sookshma TriSphuta 14 Vi 18' 59.62" Hast 2 Vi Ta

TriSphuta 17 Vi 14' 40.83" Hast 3 Vi Ge

ChatusSphuta 7 Sg 17' 35.06" Mool 3 Sg Ge

PanchaSphuta 23 Li 07' 35.67" Visa 1 Li Ar

Kunda 29 Sc 27' 16.15" Jye 4 Sc Pi

+-----------------------------------------------+

|Mo |Ma | |Su MeR |

| | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

|-----------+-----------------------+-----------|

|Ra | |As Sa |

| | |HL Md |

| | |Gk |

| | | |

| | | |

|-----------| Rasi |-----------|

| | |Ve Ke |

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |

|-----------+-----------------------+-----------|

| |JuR AL | |GL |

| | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

+-----------------------------------------------+

Tithi Ashtottari Dasa of Janma tithi (useful especially in Tithi Pravesha charts):

Sat Jup 2007-07-02 Rah 2007-07-07 Ven 2007-07-11

Sun 2007-07-17 Moon 2007-07-19 Mars 2007-07-24

Merc 2007-07-26 Sat 2007-07-31

Jup Rah 2007-08-03 Ven 2007-08-10 Sun 2007-08-23

Moon 2007-08-26 Mars 2007-09-03 Merc 2007-09-07

Sat 2007-09-18 Jup 2007-09-24

Rah Ven 2007-10-04 Sun 2007-10-12 Moon 2007-10-14

Mars 2007-10-20 Merc 2007-10-23 Sat 2007-10-28

Jup 2007-11-01 Rah 2007-11-08

Ven Sun 2007-11-13 Moon 2007-11-17 Mars 2007-11-26

Merc 2007-12-01 Sat 2007-12-13 Jup 2007-12-19

Rah 2007-12-30 Ven 2008-01-08

Sun Moon 2008-01-21 Mars 2008-01-23 Merc 2008-01-25

Sat 2008-01-28 Jup 2008-01-30 Rah 2008-02-03

Ven 2008-02-05 Sun 2008-02-09

Moon Mars 2008-02-10 Merc 2008-02-13 Sat 2008-02-21

Jup 2008-02-25 Rah 2008-03-06 Ven 2008-03-11

Sun 2008-03-20 Moon 2008-03-23

Mars Merc 2008-03-30 Sat 2008-04-04 Jup 2008-04-06

Rah 2008-04-10 Ven 2008-04-12 Sun 2008-04-18

Moon 2008-04-19 Mars 2008-04-23

Merc Sat 2008-04-26 Jup 2008-05-01 Rah 2008-05-10

Ven 2008-05-16 Sun 2008-05-28 Moon 2008-05-31

Mars 2008-06-06 Merc 2008-06-10

Sat Jup 2008-06-20 Rah 2008-06-26 Ven 2008-06-29

Sun 2008-07-05 Moon 2008-07-07 Mars 2008-07-12

Merc 2008-07-14 Sat 2008-07-20

USA-144

Annual TP

Date: June 24, 2008

Time: 11:07:59 pm

Time Zone: 5:01:00 (West of GMT)

Place: 75 W 09' 51", 39 N 57' 08"

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Altitude: 40.00 meters

Lunar Yr-Mo: Sarva-dhari - Jyeshtha

Tithi: Krishna Sapthami (Sa) (87.46% left)

Vedic Weekday: Tuesday (Ma)

Nakshatra: Poorvabhadra (Ju) (73.66% left)

Yoga: Ayushman (Ke) (48.60% left)

Karana: Vishti (Sa) (74.92% left)

Hora Lord: Moon (5 min sign: Cp)

Mahakala Hora: Mercury (5 min sign: Cn)

Kaala Lord: Mars (Mahakala: Sun)

Sunrise: 4:33:27 am

Sunset: 7:30:44 pm

Janma Ghatis: 46.4392

Ayanamsa: 23-58-42.47

Sidereal Time: 17:23:02

Body Longitude Nakshatra Pada Rasi Navamsa

Lagna 20 Aq 21' 00.02" PBha 1 Aq Ar

Sun - PK 10 Ge 00' 27.04" Ardr 2 Ge Cp

Moon - AmK 23 Aq 30' 45.17" PBha 2 Aq Ta

Mars - DK 2 Le 10' 35.17" Magh 1 Le Ar

Mercury - BK 20 Ta 12' 24.81" Rohi 4 Ta Cn

Jupiter (R) - AK 25 Sg 15' 56.34" PSha 4 Sg Sc

Venus - MK 14 Ge 23' 43.28" Ardr 3 Ge Aq

Saturn - PiK 10 Le 02' 15.88" Magh 4 Le Cn

Rahu - GK 27 Cp 02' 08.23" Dhan 2 Cp Vi

Ketu 27 Cn 02' 08.23" Asre 4 Cn Pi

Maandi 19 Sg 04' 57.62" PSha 2 Sg Vi

Gulika 10 Sg 41' 38.59" Mool 4 Sg Cn

Bhava Lagna 17 Pi 54' 15.89" Reva 1 Pi Sg

Hora Lagna 26 Sg 32' 21.85" PSha 4 Sg Sc

Ghati Lagna 22 Ar 26' 39.71" Bhar 3 Ar Li

Vighati Lagna 1 Sg 58' 09.02" Mool 1 Sg Ar

Varnada Lagna 20 Sc 21' 00.02" Aswi 1 Sc Cn

Sree Lagna 25 Ta 11' 19.65" Mrig 1 Ta Le

Pranapada Lagna 2 Ar 42' 26.12" Aswi 1 Ar Ar

Indu Lagna 23 Cp 30' 45.17" Dhan 1 Cp Le

Dhooma 23 Li 20' 27.04" Visa 2 Li Ta

Vyatipata 6 Vi 39' 32.96" UPha 3 Vi Aq

Parivesha 6 Pi 39' 32.96" UBha 1 Pi Le

Indra Chapa 23 Ar 20' 27.04" Bhar 4 Ar Sc

Upaketu 10 Ta 00' 27.04" Rohi 1 Ta Ar

Kaala 1 Aq 22' 26.39" Dhan 3 Aq Li

Mrityu 27 Pi 40' 03.42" Reva 4 Pi Pi

Artha Prahara 23 Ar 10' 02.94" Bhar 3 Ar Li

Yama Ghantaka 14 Ta 06' 42.61" Rohi 2 Ta Ta

Prana Sphuta 22 Ta 26' 38.70" Rohi 4 Ta Cn

Deha Sphuta 18 Aq 47' 39.96" Sata 4 Aq Pi

Mrityu Sphuta 24 Ar 51' 57.17" Bhar 4 Ar Sc

Sookshma TriSphuta 6 Ta 06' 15.82" Krit 3 Ta Aq

TriSphuta 24 Vi 33' 23.78" Chit 1 Vi Le

ChatusSphuta 4 Sg 33' 50.82" Mool 2 Sg Ta

PanchaSphuta 1 Li 35' 59.05" Chit 3 Li Li

Kunda 28 Ar 21' 01.76" Krit 1 Ar Sg

+-----------------------------------------------+

| |GL |Me |Su Ve |

| | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

|-----------+-----------------------+-----------|

|As Mo | |Ke |

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |

|-----------| Rasi |-----------|

|Ra | |Ma Sa |

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |

| | | |

|-----------+-----------------------+-----------|

|JuR HL |AL | | |

|Md Gk | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

| | | | |

+-----------------------------------------------+

Tithi Ashtottari Dasa of Janma tithi (useful especially in Tithi Pravesha charts):

Sat Jup 2008-06-20 Rah 2008-06-26 Ven 2008-06-30

Sun 2008-07-06 Moon 2008-07-08 Mars 2008-07-13

Merc 2008-07-16 Sat 2008-07-22

Jup Rah 2008-07-25 Ven 2008-08-01 Sun 2008-08-15

Moon 2008-08-19 Mars 2008-08-27 Merc 2008-09-01

Sat 2008-09-13 Jup 2008-09-19

Rah Ven 2008-09-30 Sun 2008-10-09 Moon 2008-10-11

Mars 2008-10-17 Merc 2008-10-20 Sat 2008-10-26

Jup 2008-10-31 Rah 2008-11-08

Ven Sun 2008-11-12 Moon 2008-11-16 Mars 2008-11-26

Merc 2008-12-03 Sat 2008-12-14 Jup 2008-12-20

Rah 2009-01-04 Ven 2009-01-11

Sun Moon 2009-01-26 Mars 2009-01-29 Merc 2009-01-31

Sat 2009-02-03 Jup 2009-02-05 Rah 2009-02-08

Ven 2009-02-10 Sun 2009-02-15

Moon Mars 2009-02-16 Merc 2009-02-20 Sat 2009-03-01

Jup 2009-03-06 Rah 2009-03-15 Ven 2009-03-21

Sun 2009-03-31 Moon 2009-04-03

Mars Merc 2009-04-10 Sat 2009-04-15 Jup 2009-04-18

Rah 2009-04-23 Ven 2009-04-26 Sun 2009-05-01

Moon 2009-05-03 Mars 2009-05-06

Merc Sat 2009-05-09 Jup 2009-05-15 Rah 2009-05-25

Ven 2009-05-31 Sun 2009-06-13 Moon 2009-06-17

Mars 2009-06-24 Merc 2009-06-28

Sat Jup 2009-07-08 Rah 2009-07-15 Ven 2009-07-19

Sun 2009-07-25 Moon 2009-07-27 Mars 2009-08-01

Merc 2009-08-04 Sat 2009-08-10

References:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/7096845.stm

http://www.astrodatabank.com/NM/USA.htm

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