Agni Mantra

Agni Mantra

Wednesday, October 12, 2005

Atma distinction

Atma distinction

अथात्मनिर्णयं व्याख्यास्ये॥

athātmanirnayam vyākhyāsye ||

Shloka 94 -Dhyanabindu Upanishad

94. Now I shall give a description of Atman. In the seat of the heart is a lotus of eight petals. In its centre is Jivatma of the form of Jyotis and atomic in size, moving in a circular line. In it is located everything. In knows everything. It does everything. It does all these actions attributing everything to its own power, (thinking) I do, I enjoy, I am happy, I am miserable, I am blind, I am lame, I am deaf, I am mute, I am lean, I am stout, etc.

1. When it rests on the eastern petal which is of Sveta (white) colour, then it has a mind (or is inclined) to Dharma with Bhakti (devotion).

2. When it rests on the south-eastern petal, which is of Rakta (blood colour), then it is inclined to sleep and laziness.

3. When it rests on the southern petal, which is of Krishna (black) colour, then it is inclined to hate and anger.

4. When it rests on the south-western petal which is of Nila (blue) colour, then it gets desire for sinful or harmful actions.

5. When it rests on the western petal which is of crystal colour, then it is inclined to flirt and amuse.

6. When it rests on the north-western petal which is of ruby colour, then it has a mind to walk, rove and have Vairagya (or be indifferent).

7. When it rests on the northern petal which is Pita (yellow) colour, then it is inclined to be happy and to be loving.

8. When it rests on the north-eastern petal which is of Vaidurya (Lapis Lazuli) colour, then it is inclined to amassing money, charity and passion.

When it stays in the inter-space between any two petals, then it gets the wrath arising from diseases generated through (the disturbance of the equilibrium of) Vayu, bile and phlegm (in the body). When it stays in the middle, then it knows everything, sings, dances, speaks and is blissful. When the eye is pained (after a day’s work), then in order to remove (its) pain, it makes first a circular line and sinks in the middle.

a) The first line is of the colour of Bandhuka flower (Bassia). Then is the state of sleep. In the middle of the state of sleep is the state of dream. In the middle of the state of dream, it experiences the ideas of perception, Vedas, inference, possibility, (sacred) words, etc. Then there arises much fatigue. In order to remove this fatigue, it circles the second line and sinks in the middle.

b) The second is of the colour of (the insect) Indragopa (of red or white colour). Then comes the state of dreamless sleep. During the dreamless sleep, it has only the thought connected with Parameshvara (the highest Lord) alone. This state is of the nature of eternal wisdom. Afterwards it attains the nature of the highest Lord (Parameshvara).

c) Then it makes a round of the third circle and sinks in the middle. The third circle is of the colour of Padmaraga (ruby).

d) Then comes the state of Turya (the fourth). In Turya, there is only the connection of Paramatman. It attains the nature of eternal wisdom. Then one should gradually attain the quiescence of Buddhi with self-control. Placing the Manas in Atman, one should think of nothing else. Then causing the union of Prana and Apana, he concentrates his aim upon the whole universe being of the nature of Atman. Then comes the state of Turiyatita (viz., that state beyond the fourth). Then everything appears as bliss. He is beyond the pairs (of happiness and pains, etc.,). He stays here as long as he should wear his body. Then he attains the nature of Paramatman and attains emancipation through this means. This alone is the means of knowing Atman. When Vayu (breath) which enters the great hole associated with a hall where four roads meet gets into the half of the well-placed triangle, then is Achyuta (the indestructible) seen.

Translated by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar



Direction/Dig

Color

Nature

East

White(Sweta)

Dharma with Bhakti (devotion).

South-East

Red(Rakta)

Sleep and laziness

South

Black(Krishna)

Hate and anger

South-West

Blue(Nila)

Sinful or harmful actions

West

Crystal

flirt and amuse

North-West

Ruby

Walk, rove and have Vairagya

North

Yellow(Pitta)

happy and loving

North-East

Lapis Lazuli (Vaidurya)

amassing money, charity and passion

हृदिस्थाने अष्टदलपद्मं वर्तते तन्मध्ये रेखावलयं कृत्वा जीवात्मरूपं ज्योतीरूपमणुमात्रं वर्तते तस्मिन्सर्वं प्रतिष्ठितं भवति सर्वं जानाति सर्वं करोति सर्वमेतच्चरितमहं कर्ताऽहं भोक्ता सुखी दुःखी काणः खञ्जो बधिरो मूकः कृशः स्थूलोऽनेन प्रकारेण स्वतन्त्रवादेन वर्तते॥ पूर्वदले विश्रमते पूर्वं दलं श्वेतवर्णं तदा भक्तिपुरःसरं धर्मे मतिर्भवति॥ यदाऽग्नेयदले विश्रमते तदाग्नेयदलं रक्तवर्णं तदा निद्रालस्य मतिर्भवति॥ यदा दक्षिणदले विश्रमते तद्दक्षिणदलं कृष्णवर्णं तदा द्वेषकोपमतिर्भवति॥ यदा नैरृतदले विश्रमते तन्नैरृतदलं नीलवर्णं तदा पापकर्महिंसामतिर्भवति॥

यदा पश्चिमदले विश्रमते तत्पश्चिमदलं स्फटिकवर्णं तदा क्रीडाविनोदे मतिर्भवति॥ यदा वायव्यदले विश्रमते वायव्यदलं माणिक्यवर्णं तदा गमनचलनवैराग्यमतिर्भवति॥ यदोत्तरदले विश्रमते तदुत्तरदलं पीतवर्णं तदा सुखशृङ्गारमतिर्भवति॥ यदेशानदले विश्रमते तदीशानदलं वैडूर्यवर्णं तदा दानादिकृपामतिर्भवति॥ यदा सन्धिसन्धिषु मतिर्भवति तदा वातपित्तश्लेष्ममहाव्याधिप्रकोपो भवति॥यदा मध्ये तिष्ठति तदा सर्वं जानाति गायति नृत्यति पठत्यानन्दं करोति॥ यदा नेत्रश्रमो भवति श्रमनिर्भरणार्थं प्रथमरेखावलयंकृत्वा मध्ये निमज्जनं कुरुते प्रथमरेखाबन्धूकपुष्पवर्णं तदा निद्रावस्था भवति॥ निद्रावस्थामध्ये स्वप्नावस्था भवति॥ स्वप्नावस्थामध्ये दृष्टं श्रुतमनुमानसंभववार्ता इत्यादिकल्पनां करोति तदादिश्रमो भवति॥ श्रमनिर्हरणार्थं द्वितीयरेखावलयं कृत्वा मध्ये निमज्जनं कुरुते द्वितीयरेखा इन्द्रकोपवर्णं तदा सुषुप्त्यवस्था भवति सुषुप्तौ केवलपरमेश्वरसम्बन्धिनी बुद्दिर्भवति नित्यबोधस्वरूपा भवति पश्चात्परमेश्वरस्वरूपेण प्राप्तिर्भवति॥ तृतीयरेखावलयं कृत्वा मध्ये निमज्जनं कुरुते तृतीयरेखा पद्मरागवर्णं तदा तुरीयावस्था भवति तुरीये केवलपरमात्म सम्बन्धिनी भवति नित्यबोधस्वरूपा भवति तदा शनैः शनैरुपरमेद्बुद्ध्या धृतिगृहीतयात्मसंस्थं मनः कृत्वा किञ्चिदपि चिन्तयेत्तदा प्राणापानयोरैक्यं कृत्वा सर्वं विश्वमात्मस्वरूपेण लक्ष्यं धारयति। यदा तुरीयातीतावस्था तदा सर्वेषामानन्दस्वरूपो भवति द्वन्द्वातीतो भवति यावद्देहधारणा वर्तते तावत्तिष्ठति पश्चात्परमात्मस्वरूपेण प्राप्तिर्भवति इत्यनेन प्रकारेण मोक्षो भवतीदमेवात्मदर्शनोपायं भवन्ति॥ चतुष्पथसमायुक्तमहाद्वारगवायुना। सह स्थितत्रिकोणार्धगमने दृश्यतेऽच्युतः॥ ९४॥

athātmaniraya vyākhyāsye ||

hdisthāne aṣṭadalapadma vartate tanmadhye rekhāvalaya ktvā jīvātmarūpa jyotīrūpamaumātra vartate tasminsarva pratiṣṭhita bhavati sarva jānāti sarva karoti sarvametaccaritamaha kartā'ha bhoktā sukhī dukhī kāa khañjo badhiro mūka kśa sthūlo'nena prakārea svatantravādena vartate ||

pūrvadale viśramate pūrva dala śvetavara tadā bhaktipurasara dharme matirbhavati ||

yadā'gneyadale viśramate tadāgneyadala raktavara tadā nidrālasya matirbhavati ||

yadā dakiadale viśramate taddakiadala kṛṣṇavara tadā dveakopamatirbhavati ||

yadā nairtadale viśramate tannairtadala nīlavara tadā pāpakarmahisāmatirbhavati ||

yadā paścimadale viśramate tatpaścimadala sphaikavara tadā krīāvinode matirbhavati ||

yadā vāyavyadale viśramate vāyavyadala ikyavara tadā gamanacalanavairāgyamatirbhavati ||

yadottaradale viśramate taduttaradala pītavara tadā sukhaśṛṅgāramatirbhavati ||

yadeśānadale viśramate tadīśānadala vaiūryavara tadā dānādikpāmatirbhavati ||

yadā sandhisandhiu matirbhavati tadā vātapittaślemamahāvyādhiprakopo bhavati ||

yadā madhye tiṣṭhati tadā sarva jānāti gāyati ntyati pahatyānanda karoti ||

yadā netraśramo bhavati śramanirbharaārtha prathamarekhāvalayaktvā madhye nimajjana kurute prathamarekhābandhūkapupavara tadā nidrāvasthā bhavati ||

nidrāvasthāmadhye svapnāvasthā bhavati ||

svapnāvasthāmadhye dṛṣṭa śrutamanumānasabhavavārtā ityādikalpanā karoti tadādiśramo bhavati ||

śramanirharaārtha dvitīyarekhāvalaya ktvā madhye nimajjana kurute dvitīyarekhā indrakopavara tadā suuptyavasthā bhavati suuptau kevalaparameśvarasambandhinī

buddirbhavati nityabodhasvarūpā bhavati paścātparameśvarasvarūpea prāptirbhavati ||

ttīyarekhāvalaya ktvā madhye nimajjana kurute ttīyarekhā padmarāgavara tadā turīyāvasthā bhavati turīye kevalaparamātma sambandhinī bhavati nityabodhasvarūpā bhavati tadā śanai śanairuparamedbuddhyā dhtighītayātmasastha mana ktvā na kiñcidapi cintayettadā prāāpānayoraikya ktvā

sarva viśvamātmasvarūpea lakya dhārayati | yadā turīyātītāvasthā tadā sarveāmānandasvarūpo bhavati dvandvātīto bhavati yāvaddehadhāraā vartate tāvattiṣṭhati

paścātparamātmasvarūpea prāptirbhavati ityanena prakārea moko bhavatīdamevātmadarśanopāya bhavanti ||

catupathasamāyuktamahādvāragavāyunā | saha sthitatrikoārdhagamane dśyate'cyuta || 94||


REF: Dhyanabindu Upanishad Translated by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar

http://sanskrit.gde.to/doc_upanishhat/dhyanabindu.itx

http://www.yrec.info/Dhyana-Bindu-Upanishad.php

Wednesday, October 05, 2005

pācakādi sambandha

पाचकादि सम्बन्ध/pācakādi sambandha
Notes by Sanjay Prabhakaran

पाचक/pācaka
बोधक/bodhaka
कारक/kāraka
वेधक/vedhaka

Graha
House
Graha
House
Graha
House
Graha
House
Sun
Saturn
6
Mars
7
Jupiter
9
Venus
11
Moon
Venus
7
Mars
9
Saturn
11
Sun
3
Mars
Sun
2
Moon
6
Saturn
11
Mercury
12
Mercury
Moon
2
Jupiter
4
Venus
5
Mars
3
Jupiter
Saturn
6
Mars
5
Moon
7
Sun
12
Venus
Moon
2
Mercury
6
Sun
12
Saturn
4
Saturn
Venus
3
Moon
11
Jupiter
6
Mars
7
Legend & Notes:
bold:The ones shown in bold are variations from [SC]
Colour: The red ones indicate inimical relations, For moon it's taken as 12th house from itself. All houses are as counted from the planet itself.
TIP: If you cannot remember the above table Then, In Jagannatha Hora software, right click on any top of any graha and select "Relationships;Pachakaadi...". This will show relationship of each graha.

Classics like sarvārtha cintāmaṇi mention the 4 types of relations called paachakaadi sambanda, literally paachaaka+aadi means "paachaka+etc" and sambanda means realtionships. The 4 relations are,
Word
Meaning
1. पाचक/pācaka
Digestor, The one who creates opportunity for the graha
2.बोधक/bodhaka
Informer, The one who brings the opportunity in front of graha
3. कारक/kāraka
Doer, The one who does the necessary task for the graha
4. वेधक/vedhaka
Vedhak  is explained in Monier Williams as "वेधक m. a piercer , perforator (of gems &c )" It indicates the obstructions it can be at three levels physical, mental or soul level (Replaced 05/June/2014 as per Pt. Sanjay Rath comments below)
Graha are like people. Each person has a purpose at given time. Also each person needs help from others to perform certain task, depending on the purpose of the person.
An astrological House or Sign (Kshetra) is like a place or environment needed to attain the purpose. It provides the resources needed for the purpose.
All purposes of humans can be broadly divided in four, called chaturartha or four purpose. They are, Dharma, Artha, Kaama and moksha.

An attempt to bring out the meaning of the paachakaadi is to equate them with chatur-artha (quad-purpose). I request readers to provide their view (Inserted/5th June 2014)
1. पाचक/pācaka
Dharma
2. बोधक/bodhaka
Kaama
3. कारक/kāraka
Artha
4. वेधक/vedhaka
Moksha
The pachaka planet is like the graha which give make the Dharma of the planet. It’s like the 9th house. When favorable it can give raaja yoga. It gives fortune to a graha by making opportunities. It's the ripener, which fructifies into sweet fruit. Pachaka is the giver and maker of opportunities.
The Bodhaka planets is like the 7th house, the 7th house is the dwaara or the door and hence brings the opportunity to the graha. The bodhaka knows the desires of the graha. The Bodhaka graha knows the opportunities and hence can be called the informer.
Kaaraka planet is like the 10th house, the kaarka for any graha does the jobs of the graha. Paachaka of a graha knows the karma to be performed by the graha. Pachaka can also do the karma for the graha.
Vedhaka is signified by obstacles in terms of aquisition or salvation of the planet. If Vedhaka is benefitial to the graha the goal is reached easily. This graha effects in mental level, hence worship to relevant forms of ganesha helps to overcome.

Certain Usages:
  • In dasa antardasa, See if the antardasa planet's paachakadi relations. The Mahadasa is like the king and antardasa is like minister, If the relation between them is good the objective of the King is fulfilled.
  • In Naarayana Dasa, If the dasa sign contains a planet. Then, find the inimical pachakadi sign to that graha. That house or sign will be troubled during that dasa. For example if dasa sign has Saturn, Jupiter or Sun the 6th house from the dasa sign will be troubled.
Similarly for every dasa find the paachaka etc relation of antardasa with mahadasa lord. This will reveal the out of the dasa-antardasa.

क्रमाद्ग्रहः पाचकवोधकश्च सकारको वेधकसंज्ञकश्च।
मंद् अर जीव् अमरशत्रुपूज्याः शुक्र अर सूर्यात्मज वासरेशाः॥११९॥
रवीन्दुसूर्यात्मजचन्द्रपुत्राः शशांकजीवाच्छधरासुत श्च।
सुर्यात्मजारेंदुदिनाधिनाथाः सौम् येंदुपुत्र अर्क दिनेशपुत्राः॥१२०॥
शुक्रेंदुदेवेज्यधरासुताश्च भवंति तत्पाकमुखा ग्रहेंद्राः॥१२१॥
स्थाननि वक्श्ये क्रमशो ग्रहाणां षट्सप्तधर्मायगताः क्रमेण।
भानोः शशांकान्मदभाग्यलाभयुक्क्ततस्तृतीयेन धरासुताच्च॥१२२॥
धनारिलाभांत्यगताब्जसून्र्द्वितीयवध्वात्म् अजसोदराश्च।
गुरोस्तुषष्ठात्मजकामारिष्फाः शुक्राद्धनारिव्ययबंधुयुक्ताः॥१२३॥
तृतीयलाबारिकलतगास्तु दिनेशसूनोः प्रवदंति तज्ज्ञाः॥१२४॥
kramādgrahaḥ pācakavodhakaśca sakārako vedhakasaṁjñakaśca |
maṁd ara jīv amaraśatrupūjyāḥ śukra ara sūryātmaja vāsareśāḥ ||119||
ravīndusūryātmajacandraputrāḥ śaśāṁkajīvācchadharāsuta śca |
suryātmajāreṁdudinādhināthāḥ saum yeṁduputra arka dineśaputrāḥ ||120||
śukreṁdudevejyadharāsutāśca bhavaṁti tatpākamukhā graheṁdrāḥ ||121||
sthānani vakśye kramaśo grahāṇāṁ ṣaṭsaptadharmāyagatāḥ krameṇa |
bhānoḥ śaśāṁkānmadabhāgyalābhayukktatastṛtīyena dharāsutācca ||122||
dhanārilābhāṁtyagatābjasūnrdvitīyavadhvātm ajasodarāśca |
gurostuṣaṣṭhātmajakāmāriṣphāḥ śukrāddhanārivyayabaṁdhuyuktāḥ ||123||
tṛtīyalābārikalatagāstu dineśasūnoḥ pravadaṁti tajjñāḥ ||124||
Vide: Sarwartha Chintamani




Saturday, October 01, 2005

Sapta Rasa - The Seven Liquids

|| Om Gurave Namah ||

Sage Parashara gives the names of Seven liquids when describing the Saptamsa chart.

सप्तांशपास्त्वोजगृहे गणनीया निजेशतः।

युग्मराशौ तु विज्ञेयाः सप्तमर्क्षादिनायकात्‌॥ १०॥

saptāṁśapāstvojagṛhe gaṇanīyā nijeśataḥ |

yugmarāśau tu vijñeyāḥ saptamarkṣādināyakāt || 10||

क्षारक्षीरौ च दध्याज्यौ तथेक्षुरससम्भवः।

मद्यशुद्धजलावोजे समे शुद्धजलादिकाः॥ ११॥

kṣārakṣīrau ca dadhyājyau tathekṣurasasambhavaḥ |

madyaśuddhajalāvoje same śuddhajalādikāḥ || 11||

Rasa NameTranslationPlanet SuggestedReasonsOdd Signs OrderEven Signs Order
kṣāraक्षारAlkaline WaterSaturnA river in Hell17
kṣīraक्षीरThick MilkMoonLakshmi born of milk ocean26
dadhiदधिCurdsMarsdadhimukah-Name of vaanara(ape) bro-in-law of sugriva35
ijyaइज्यGheeJupiterGiven in Sacrifice44
ikṣurasaइक्षुरसmolassesMercuryJuice of Sugarcane53
madhyaमद्यmadyaVenusIntoxicating drink62
śuddhajalaशुद्धजलPure WaterSun71

Please note the obove assignment of the planets is NOT the saptmsha lord, which changes with each Sign.

The Seven Liquids

Jala or Liquids are the main element by which creation happens. In Humans, The Swadhishtana chakra, rules the Jala element. The Saptamsa lagna lord indicates the creative energy present in each individuals.

This sexuality is represented by 28 Nakshatras. Each nakshatra is assigned a male and female of 14 Animals, The following table attempts to bring about a similie between the 14 Animals assigned to each Nakshatra and creative elements present in us.

MaleFemaleAnimalEnemyGraha
Equivalent
Ashwini Satabhisha HorseXSun
BharaniRevatiElephantXMoon
PushyaKrittikaSheepXSaturn
RohiniMrigashiraSerpentXVenus
MoolaAridraDogXMercury
AshleshaPunarvasuCatXMars
VishakaChitraTigerXMoon
U. PhalguniU. BhadraCowXJupiter
MaghaP. PhalguniRatXSaturn
JyeshtaAnuradhaHareXRahu
U. AshadaAbhijitMangooseXSun
P. AshadaSravanaMonkeyXMars
P. BhadraDhanishtaLionXJupiter
SwatiHastaOxXVenus

-Sanjay