Agni Mantra

Agni Mantra

Wednesday, December 28, 2005

Burma Moves Its Capital

As Scrutiny Grows, Burma Moves Its Capital: "Few in Rangoon can fathom the motives for the abrupt move, which began Nov. 6. Most observers and even some government officials say they suspect it was solely the brainchild of Gen. Than Shwe, the secretive head of Burma's ruling military junta."

Jyotish Analysis

By Sanjay Prabhakaran

The Parthiva Samvatsara's Chaitra Shukla Pratipada (S1) chart for Rangoon, The Capital of Burma is given Below.

Date:          April 9, 2005
Time: 3:02:36 am
Time Zone: 6:30:00 (East of GMT)
Place: 95 E 00' 00", 16 N 47' 00"
Rangoon, Burma/Myanmar
Altitude: 0.00 meters

Lunar Yr-Mo: Parthiva - Chaitra
Tithi: Sukla Pratipat (Su) (100.00% left)
Vedic Weekday: Friday (Ve)
Nakshatra: Revati (Me) (36.18% left)
Yoga: Vaidhriti (Ju) (72.36% left)
Karana: Kimstughna (Ve) (100.00% left)
Hora Lord: Venus (5 min sign: Ta)
Mahakala Hora: Sun (5 min sign: Ta)
Kaala Lord: Moon (Mahakala: Moon)

Sunrise: 6:00:35 am (April 8)
Sunset: 6:24:15 pm (April 8)
Janma Ghatis: 52.5844

Ayanamsa: 23-55-43.23
Sidereal Time: 16:01:23

The Hora Lord is Venus. It's is the 5th and 10th Lord. The 10th indicates the Capital or the place of execution of power. The Parivartana yoga indicates that there is going to some change. The A10 is tangible manifestation. The A10 (Raajya Pada) is conjoined Hora lord Venus indicating that some changes could be possible. This needs to be confirmed from Divisional chart, Since at that moment all nearby nations could also having Similar rising chart.

The D10, gives more details about activities in Rashi 10th house. In D10 for Rangoon we see that we have Gemini rising and again we have a parivartana between 10th Lord Jupiter and 6th lord Mars. The Scorpio lord is taken as Mars, even though Ketu is with Saturn. As Mars froms a stronger yoga with Jupiter by parivartana compared with Conjuntion yoga formed by Ketu with Saturn.

The strong indications of mars in Rashi and D10 indicates that the Military is the main cause of this change.

The compressed vimshottari dasha is

Vimsottari Dasa (started from Moon):

Maha Dasas:

Merc: 2005-03-08 (10:05:15 am) - 2005-04-27 (9:18:02 pm)
Ket: 2005-04-27 (9:18:02 pm) - 2005-05-18 (5:46:31 pm)
Ven: 2005-05-18 (5:46:31 pm) - 2005-07-16 (8:17:49 pm)
Sun: 2005-07-16 (8:17:49 pm) - 2005-08-02 (2:28:29 pm)
Moon: 2005-08-02 (2:28:29 pm) - 2005-09-01 (6:05:29 am)
Mars: 2005-09-01 (6:05:29 am) - 2005-09-21 (11:10:39 am)
Rah: 2005-09-21 (11:10:39 am) - 2005-11-13 (9:31:25 pm)
Jup: 2005-11-13 (9:31:25 pm) - 2005-12-31 (7:09:28 pm)
Sat: 2005-12-31 (7:09:28 pm) - 2006-02-26 (3:15:42 am)

It has to be noted that the hora Lord is Venus and Rahu is tightly conjoined Venus both in Rashi chart and Dasamsa Chart.

So Rahu will give the results of Venus.
Now, as per Paachakaadi Relation, Venus is inimical to 4th house from where he is situated. Venus is kaaraka moving away from house and travelling.
Hence the move can be seen in Rahu dasa. To confirm the same from Dasamsa chart we see that Jupiter the 10th lord is in 4th Venus. Hence Venus behave very inimical to Jupiter and initiates the parivartana.

Hare Rama Krishna.

Wednesday, December 21, 2005

The "kaTapayaadi" scheme applied to Melakarta Ragas

The "kaTapayaadi" scheme applied to Melakarta Ragas
"The 'ka-Ta-pa-ya' scheme
and its application to
mELAkarta raagas of Carnatic music

The ka-Ta-pa-ya scheme:
The 'ka-Ta-pa-ya' rule used by ancient Indian mathematicians and grammarians
is a tool to map names to numbers. Writing the consonants of the Sanskrit
alphabet as four groups with 'ka, Ta, pa, ya' as the beginning letters of
the groups we get

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
ka kha ga gha ~ma cha Cha ja jha ~na
Ta Tha Da Dha Na ta tha da dha na
pa pha ba bha ma
ya ra la va Sa sha sa ha

Now, each letter of the group is numbered from 1 through 9 and 0 for the tenth
letter. Thus, ka is 1, sa is 7, ma is 5, na is 0 and so on. So to indicate
the number 356 for example one would try and come up with a word involving
the third, fifth and sixth letters of the groups like 'gaNitam' or 'lESaca'.
However, in the Indian tradition, the digits of a number are written left to
right in the increasing order of their place value - exactly opposite the way
we are used to writing in the western way. Therefore 356 would be indicated
using letters in the 6th, 5th, and 3rd positions of the group e.g. 'triSUlaM'.

There apparently were upto 4 flavors of this scheme in use in ancient
India. These differ in how to interpret the conjoint consonant. The popular
scheme was to use only the last consonant. And any consonant not attached
to a vowel is to be disregarded. These rules should be used while decoding
a phrase in 'katapayadi' scheme.

The following phrase found in 'sadratnamAla' a treatise on astronomy,
bhadram budhi siddha janma gaNita Sraddha@h mayadbhUpagi@h
when decoded yields
4 2 3 9 7 8 5 3 5 6 2 9 5 1 4 1 3
which when reversed gives
3 1 4 1 5 9 2 6 5 3 5 8 7 9 3 2 4
which is readily recognised as the digits in 'pi' (except that the 17th
digit is wrong - it should be 3) :-)!

(source: The article 'The Katapayadi Formula and Modern"

Tuesday, December 13, 2005

Atmakaraka in AL(Arudha Lagna)

From: Sanjay Rath <>
Date: Jun 8, 2005 7:35 AM
Subject: RE: [vedic-astrology] Re: atmakaraka in Al

Jaya Jagannatha
Dear Bharat

You have made some very fine points about the nature of the arudha lagna and atmakaraka.

Arudha lagna is the illusionary belief system based on our indoctrination and what we consider as good and bad, what we consider as right and wrong. It is always black and white, the good guys and bad guys are based on this indoctrination by society (Moon) and mental experiences (Moon-manas) which is based on memory which agai is a function of selective retention (Jupiter) and selective erosion (Saturn) based on how pleasant they were. This emotion of pleasant memory and otherwise is subjective to the individual and will vary based on the rasi where the arudha lagna is. The arudha lagna is this illusion that is created by the intelligence (lagna and paka lagna).

Now come to the possibility where the arudha lagna and atmakaraka are in the same sign. To be in the same sign it becomes imperative that the lagnesa and at atmakaraka are different planets. The indoctrination of the society of influence is indicated by the arudha lagna. Moon is the significator for this showing the primary indoctrination coming from the society connected with home - mother, mother tongue, family, childhood days etc. Jupiter is a great benefic for the fame and shows the indictrination coming from the learning that the society offers.

Now Atmakaraka is like a Jyotirlinga. It holds tremendous knowlege - the knowledge of the paramesthi guru - the knowlegde of Shiva. This knowledge when coming into contact with any arudha or any graha pada throws up the *untruth* associated with the indoctrination. After all Shiva is - satyam shivam sundaram.

That is why when the arudha lagna and the atmakaraka come together, the person starts to question the indoctrination of society. He challenges the teachings of the society and may reject many such teachings. Let us examine some of these cases (since you take the trouble of giving the example, its my pleasure to continue the thread).

1. Mahatma Gandhi has atmakaraka Jupiter, so his arudha lagna and AL are not the same. I use the time of 7.30 am LMT for his chart as is reported widely. The change came for him due to the *atmakaraka replacement* caused by the Moon and Jupiter being in the same degree. So at about 24 -32 years of age he will change very drastically. When this change will occur, the arudha lagna and *new atmakaraka* will become one in Cancer and he questioned the political system of the day as he has Rahu influencing the atmakaraka Moon. He questioned the untruth in it and started to show the path to *RAMA RAJYA* through satyagraha. Remember New AK Moon is with Rahu.

2. Jiddu Krishnamuti has the Sun atmakaraka in arudha lagna in Aries. This is the most royal sign and the Sun relates to father. There is a dictum which states that the Sun in the 1st or 7th house in Aries/Libra - native is abandoned by parents. This is true both for Bhagavan Sri Rama and Jiddu Krishnamurti who had Sun in AL in Aries and Saturn in 7th house. Krishnamurti lost his mother in 1905 and was finally adopted by Helena Blavatsky in 1910. Then there was a legal dispute over parental custody between Blavatsky and Jiddu Narasimah (Krishnamurti's biological father). It finally ended when Krishnamurti finall appeared at the Privy council and chose Blavatsky instead of his father. [at this stage the arudha lagna dominated over the atmakaraka as Krishnamurti was only 18 years old]. However, the atmakaraka started rising after his 28 years of age as it is in Aries - this was triggered by two events (1) death of father [Sun] in 1924 and (2) death of brother [Mars] in 1925. Look at the Sun in Aries as AK. Then in 1929 on the opening day of the annual Star Camp at Ommen, Holland, Krishnamurti dissolved the Order before 3000 members. This was the complete and total rejection of the arudha. He questioned the fundamental basis of the guru-shisya parampara and said that the spiritual path was a path to freedom while the guru-shisya parampara of spiritual lineages in India were a kind of bondage. Remember AK Sun in AL is aspected by Saturn.

3. Dr. B.V.Raman has the atmakaraka Moon with Saturn in the arudha lagna and just like the other two cases, he questioned the basic theory that jyotisa should not be taught to foreigners as (1) Jyotisa was a vedanga and (2) it should not be taught in foreign languages. He was the first one to break free from this in a large scale teaching of jyotisa through the Astrological Magazine. To do this he needed to have another yoga as mentioned in Deva Keralam: The association of the lords of the 6th and 8th houses in a yoga with either the 5th lord or the 5th house. Such a person will teach the vedas and vedanga to foreigners in a foreign land and in a foreign language. In Dr Raman's chart we find that the fifth lord Mercury is also the 8th lord and is in kendra to Moon (sarada yoga) and with the dharma-karmadhipati yoga (highest yoga necessary to teach veda/vedanga).

The point I am trying to make is that when you say (1) questionig process, there must be a suitable combination showing the questioning process and unless we have a saturn or Rahu involved what will trigger the questioning? Saturn indicates sorrow and suffering that triggers questioning while causes shocks to start the questioning. (2) Many factors that you state should be defined and in general is it necessary to achieve by teaching this knowledge to others? There are millions who have had similar lessons but did not bother to go out and teach it to others like the three we discussed above did. In each of their cases there were yogas outside the cmbination of AK and AL to support the activity that is required after the questioning process. (3) You have correctly pointed out that a harsh situation accelerates the questioning and change - this is perfectly right but then it must translate into *jyotisa language* which I have done by adding the terrible taste of the malefic planets.

Finally Bharat, thanks for this. It made me see my own chart and wonder why I have done what I did so far and whether I should continue doing it. [Aug 7, 1963; 9.15 Pm Sambalpur, India] How many more harsh lessons will Saturn give.

One more point - the final decision shall also depend on factors outside the AK, AL story. Lets try these - Why did Krishnamurti reject the Guru-shisya parampara of ancient India? Did the makara lagna have a say? Why did Gandhi take to Satyagraha on the one hand and dilly dally with satyagraha in sexual control? Did the Libra lagna with Mars and Venus have a say?

With best wishes and warm regards,
Sanjay Rath
* * *
Sri Jagannath Center®
15B Gangaram Hospital Road
New Delhi 110060, India, +91-11-25717162
* * *

Namaste Hari,
Sanjayji was telling about his chara kaaraka replacement of Saturn
his Ak By his Jupiter, Jupiter takes some role of Atmakaaraka. Jupiter
is Lord of AL in Sg.
This happens around the time when he got fully involved in Jyotish
after quiting his highly placed Govt. Job (Indian Administrative Service).

Body Longitude Nakshatra Pada Rasi Navamsa
Jupiter - AmK 26 Pi 07' 55.44" Reva 3 Pi Aq
Saturn (R) - AK 26 Cp 49' 40.71" Dhan 2 Cp Vi

Warm Regards
Sanjay P.

Om Tat Sat

Dear Ramnarayan & Bharat
This is a note in addition to the one below after my teletalk with Ramnarayan. I agree that there is only one exception and that is very difficult for normal human beings to understand - cases of Ramakrishna Paramhamsa and Guru Nanak Dev where the lagna lord is in the 4th house and associated with the atmakaraka.
With best wishes and warm regards,
Sanjay Rath

Jaya Jagannatha
Dear Anurag
Illusion is not something that is just centric to the individual. It is an image and will be seen differently b different people based on their own perception of the image. The way you look at Bill Clinton shall be different than the way I see him or the way Hillary Clinton sees him, so it is centric from various view points. Yet it is an image and this image is a more than life figure as the President of the USA. This image is the arudha and he
rode this image for some time and then the nature of the arudha changed, yet the hangover of the arudha continues. It is more like a flavor that is based on retained memory. Now we all know (retained memory) that he was the president. He also knows this. What happens to one like President Reagan who loses the memory that he was President. What effect does this have on the arudha? Does it cause the arudha to change from (1) his perspective and (2) from the worlds perspective. So you see the arudha is important and the paka lagna is also very important. If the lagnesa does not like the arudha for some reason in the change in dasa due to anifestation of disease or an accident etc, then the memory of the arudha maybe wiped out. Here the AK comes into the picture and you will find the AK laying a role to do this job...or sometimes the GURU the Bhratrkaraka as the Guru has the power to memory. See Reagans chart.

In Reagans chart the AK Mercury is in lagna (intelligence) with Mars and aspected by this not a curse coming on the Mercury? Note that there are two charakaraka replacements involving (1) PiK and PK and (2) BK and MK. It was in the dasa of the AK which is also badhakesh and in the curse that the disease got really bad, especially after 1994 onwards. I think he finally died in Merc dasa Mars antardasa...planets in lagna.

Point again is did the arudha change? From his viewpoint [lagna/lagnesh] it did as he forget he was President, and even forgot the name of his wife must be very painful for the near and dear ones. But for the world [Moon] the arudha never changed.

Now try to do the chart of someone like Saint Joan who was burnt as a witch and then canonised as a saint. The arudha changed after death! How do we see this??? Interesting.

With best wishes and warm regards,
Sanjay Rath
* * *
Sri Jagannath CenterR
15B Gangaram Hospital Road
New Delhi 110060, India, +91-11-25717162

>> Respected Sanjayji,Bharatji& Ramnarayanji,
> First of all I want to thank you all for sharing your valuable
>thoughts on the placement of atmakaraka in AL.My atmakaraka is
>mercury and it is placed in scorpio with moon.Scorpio is the
>11th house from lagna and is also my AL.During the vimsottari
>dasa of mercury,I was doing my high school and college
>education I just wanted to be invisible in class, As Al shows
>the image, I always felt that all my near and dear had lot of
>expectations on me(eg : I used to get 70% marks in my subjects
>, while my teachers and parents used to think Iam an
>80%candidate) .Personally I know my candidature,I am very
>realistic but somehow society perceives me much more than
>what Iam.Somehow I feel this is due to the placement of
>atmakaraka in Al.Respected gurus you can always correct my conclusions.
>Thanking you all
>Aruna Srimantula

Dear Aruna
Don't you think that if the atmakaraka is in the 12th from paka lagna, you are consciously under-estimating yourself. Being in scorpio the arudha will manifest as a secretive person and one is always trying to hide his abilities, and that is what you did! So was it the arudha or the atmakaraka manifesting? When the AK will manifest then you will be able to get over this hiding nature of scorpio arudha and realise that *there is nothing to hide* because Jagannath can see everything. The AK is a state of wisdom, of realisation and this is called the *self-realisation* and when you knw that real self there is nothing much left to know except that one who is beyond the self.
That is the opportunity given to those who have the arudha with the ak, the chance to look beyond the specs that this world puts on your eyes.
With best wishes and warm regards,
Sanjay Rath

>-----Original Message-----
>From: bharateiya []

>Sent: Tuesday, June 07, 2005 12:20 AM
>Subject: [vedic-astrology] Re: atmakaraka in Al
>Namaskaar Again Sri Sanjay
>Greal souls who have Atmakaraka in Arudha Lagna are:
>1. Mahatma Gandhi
>2. Sri J. Krishnamurthi
>3. Sri Bangalore Venkata Raman
>There are others whose Atmakaraka aspects the Arudha Lagna:
>1. Sri Raman Maharishi - 7th from AL Moon AK 2. Sri Sathya Sai
>Bada - 5th from AL Guru AK 3. Sri Gautam Buddha - 7th from AL
>Buddha AK 4. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu - 7th from AL Saturn AK
>I have no references from classical text to show how this
>occurs. My logic is:
>Arudha Lagna signifies the illusion which is born out of the
>seizing effect of Grahas. Seizing is to close one'e eyes to
>the whole picture
>(Truth) and thereby cause ignorance. The mind then
>misinterprets the whole picture by way of Arudha.
>Atmakaraka is the force that desires freedom. It propels us
>towards it.
>Atmakaraka in AL signify two opposite forces and therefore a conflict.
>Atmakaraka if strong and in its period, will cause a rift in the mind.
>It will start the questioning process. The questioning process
>shall succeed or not is dependent upon many factors. However,
>the march towards emotional maturity and understanding the
>limitedness of illusionary joys begins.
>If a harsh situation occurs for the native, then this process
>can be faster.
>This is a topic to be researched and I request others to post
>their views and if they have sastras know how, then, to share it.
>Thanks and Regards
>--- In, "Sanjay Rath"
><guruji@s...> wrote:
>> Jaya Jagannatha
>> Dear Bharat
>> Can you cite some examples of great souls who have the atmakaraka in
>> lagna and have shown the path to immortality or moksha or some such
>> activity? I shall be most grateful.
>> With best wishes and warm regards,
>> Sanjay Rath
>> * * *
>> Sri Jagannath CenterR
>> 15B Gangaram Hospital Road
>> New Delhi 110060, India
>> <> , +91-11-25717162

>> * * *
>> bharateiya <bharateiya@y...> wrote:
>> Namaskaar Shree Aruna
>> Atmakaraka is a propelling graha towards knowledge of oneself. In
>> Arudha lagna it disspells the ignorance and the illusion. The result
>> is in whenever the associated period starts...the person
>will have to
>> come face with a difficult circumstance and way out will show the
>> person a great secret about life.
>> The person will realize two sides of a coin is actually the
>same coin.
>> Such a person will be a great mediator and a diplomat. The native is
>> keen on Self Analysis and can recognize slowly and steadily
>the effect
>> of Maya within.
>> Such a person can a good teacher and can guide others towards their
>> learning and solving life's matters.
>> I would love to hear other's comments on this very interesting topic.
>> Thanks and Regards
>> Bharat
>> --- In, "a_srimantula"
>> <a_srimantula@y...> wrote:
>> > Respected Gurus,
>> >
>> > In general what are the results of atmakaraka in Arudhalagna?
>> >
>> >
>> > Thanking you all
>> > Aruna Srimantula

Tuesday, November 29, 2005

Shree Jayanti

|| Om Namo Bhagavate Vaasudevaaya ||

Shree Krishna's Birth is called Shree Jayanti.

The following is the panchanga details of Krishna's Birth.

Nakshatra: Rohini 4th Pada
Karana: Kaulava
Yoga: Harshana
Tithi: Krishna Ashtami (K8)
Vaara : Wednesday

The above is the Chart of Shree Krishna. Jyotisha Narasimhan in his Kaala-prakaashika has given the above details of Lord Krishna's birth.

Lagna has strong moon indicating that Krishna is an avatar of Lord Vishnu. Vishnu's avatar has strong Moon. Moon is the indicator of Sustenance. And Vishnu sustaines this world. Sustenance is bought by maintaining Dharma. If you note even Lord Rama had a strong moon on in his Cancer Lagna.

Arudha Lagna with Pisces indicates presence in this world Like a sage. Exalted mercury aspecting Arudha Lagna indicates the great Vedanta Upanishad like Bhagavata Geeta to this world. Mercury makes the person be remembered by some literary work.

Moon and Sun two satvic Planets in 3rd and 6th from Arudha Lagna indicates his peaceful nature. Infact Moon in 3rd from Arudha Lagna gave him the name of "Ranchor" the one who robbed away from War. He is known for running away from war to maintain Dwarka.

Sun in 4th house, indicates his early seperation from Mother. Signs occupied by Sun can give Seperation. Sun indicates soul and in one Kshetra (Body) only one soul can remain. Kshetra also means a Sign.

Lagna Lord in Venus in Marana Karaka Staana gave him main dangers to his life in his childhood. Marana Kaaraka staana graha also makes the person move from one place to another to avoid trouble. This happened to Krishna where his birth place of residence was also attacked many times.

Mercury in 5th is Exalted and Shishya Arudha also falls in Gemini also owned by exalted Mercury indicates Arjuna. The very intelligent student. Exalted Planets in 1st or 7th from Arudha causes lasting fame and Krishna is known most for His updesha to Arjuna on Bhagavata Geeta.

Upapada is in Cancer with Exalted Jupiter and Rahu in it. Exalted UL lord indicates that spouce is from royal family. Also Rahu in UL indicates many. Krishna had marry the widowed wives of many kings to give them good respect in society. Jupiter indicates this benevolent nature.

Narayana Dasa for Shree Krishna
Ta: 5 Years, 0 to 5
Sg: 8 Years, 5 to 13 age
Cn: 3 Years, 13 to 16 age
Aq: 8 Years, 16 to 24 age
Vi: 12 years, 24 to 36 age
Ar: 10 years, 36 to 46 age
Sc: 3 Years, 46 to 49 age
Ge: 4 Years, 49 to 53 age
Cp: 4 Year, 53 to 57 Age
Le: 12 years, 57 to 69 age
Pi: 9 Years, 69 yo 78 Age
Li: 12 Years, 78 to 90 Age
Dasa repeats by -12

To give an example, The first dasa was ruled by Taurus for 5 Years.
Dividing in 3 parts we get 1yr 8 months each. Being a prishotodaya sign. The sign will give the results in last 3rd part. Venus is in Shirshodaya sign and 1st part will be ruled by Venus. The middle part the aspects on Sign Taurus will be seen.
So as soon as he was born the marana kaaraka Venus shows it's results. He was having danger to life from many evils. Since it was in 6th house for Relatives. It's was his Maamaa (Mother's Brother 3rd from 4th) who was causing these evils.

So on we can understand all the dasa.

Monday, November 28, 2005

Precession of Earth's Rotation

Precession of the equinoxes

The Earth goes through one complete precession cycle in a period of approximately 25,800 years, during which the positions of stars as measured in the equatorial coordinate system will slowly change; the change is actually due to the change of the coordinates. Over this cycle the Earth's north axial pole moves from where it is now, within 1° of Polaris, in a circle around the ecliptic pole, with an angular radius of 23 degrees 27 arcminutes [1], or about 23.5 degrees. The shift is 1 degree in 180 years (the angle is taken from the observer, not from the center of the circle).

The explanation of this is: The axis of the Earth undergoes precession due to a combination of the Earth's nonspherical shape (it is an oblate spheroid, bulging outward at the equator) and the gravitational tidal forces of the Moon and Sun applying torque as they attempt to pull the equatorial bulge into the plane of the ecliptic. The portion of the precession due to the combined action of the Sun and the Moon is called lunisolar precession.

A changing north star

Polaris is not particularly well-suited for marking the north celestial pole, as its visual magnitude, which is variable, hovers around 2.1, fairly far down the list of brightest stars in the sky. On the other hand, in 3000 BC the faint star Thuban in the constellation Draco was the pole star; at magnitude 3.67 it is five times fainter than Polaris; today it is all but invisible in light-polluted urban skies. The brightest star known to have been North Star or to be predictable as taking that role in the future is the brilliant Vega in the constellation Lyra, which will be the pole star around the year AD 14,000. When viewed looking down onto the Earth from the north, the direction of precession is clockwise. When standing on Earth looking outward, the axis appears to move counter-clockwise across the sky. This sense of precession, against the sense of Earth's own axial rotation, is opposite to the precession of a top on a table. The reason is that the torques imposed on the Earth by the Sun and Moon act in the sense of trying to align its axis normal to the ecliptic, i.e. to stand up more vertically in regards to the ecliptic plane, while the torque on a top spinning on a hard surface acts in the sense of trying to make the top fall over, rather than to stand up straighter.

Image:precession starchart.jpg

Polaris is not exactly at the pole; any long-exposure unguided photo will show it having a short trail. It is close enough for most practical purposes, though. The south celestial pole precesses too, always remaining exactly opposite the north pole. The south pole is in a particularly bland portion of the sky, and the nominal south pole star is Sigma Octantis, which, while fairly close to the pole, is even weaker than Thuban -- magnitude 5.5, which is barely visible even under a properly dark sky. The precession of the Earth is not entirely regular due to the fact that the Sun and Moon are not in the same plane and move relative to each other, causing the torque they apply to Earth to vary. This varying torque produces a slight irregular motion in the poles called nutation.

Precession of the Earth's axis is a very slow effect, but at the level of accuracy at which astronomers work, it does need to be taken into account. Note that precession has no effect on the inclination ("tilt") of the plane of the Earth's equator (and thus its axis of rotation) on its orbital plane. It is 23.5 degrees and precession does not change that. The inclination of the equator on the ecliptic does change due to gravitational torque, but its period is different (main period about 41000 years).

The following figure illustrates the effects of axial precession on the seasons, relative to perihelion and aphelion. The precession of the equinoxes can cause periodic climate change (see Milankovitch cycles), because the hemisphere that experiences summer at perihelion and winter at aphelion (as the southern hemisphere does presently) is in principle prone to more severe seasons than the opposite hemisphere.

Image:precession and seasons.jpg


Hipparchus first estimated Earth's precession around 130 BC, adding his own observations to those of Babylonian and Chaldean astronomers in the preceding centuries. In particular they measured the distance of the stars like Spica to the Moon and Sun at the time of lunar eclipses, and because he could compute the distance of the Moon and Sun from the equinox at these moments, he noticed that Spica and other stars appeared to have moved over the centuries.

Precession causes the cycle of seasons (tropical year) to be about 20.4 minutes less than the period for the earth to return to the same position with respect to the stars as one year previously (sidereal year). This results in a slow change (one day per 58 calendar years) in the position of the sun with respect to the stars at an equinox. It is significant for calendars and their leap year rules.



Demonstration of how the Earth's equatorial bulge causes precession
Gyroscope (a bicycle wheel works well), turntable (optional)
Background and Demonstration:
Due to the Earth's rotation, there is a slight equatorial bulge (and an offsetting depression at the poles). The maximum deviation from a sphere is only about 15 km, or 0.2% of the spherical radius. Nevertheless, since the axis of rotation of the Earth is inclined (tipped) relative to the plane of the Sun, Moon and planets (the ecliptic), the gravitational effect of the Moon (and to a lesser extent the Sun and planets) on the equatorial bulge causes a torque to be applied to the Earth. This is a rotational force in the direction that would decrease the inclination of the rotation axis.

As it spins, the Earth behaves somewhat like a gyroscope; it wants to maintain it's orientation (it is difficult to change it's direction). A bicycle wheel (particularly one with a loaded rim) is excellent as a demonstration gyroscope, although small toy gyroscopes work also. If we apply a torque to the gyroscope (balance the spinning bicycle wheel on one hand, and pull a string attached to top axle with the other), it's axis of rotation does not move toward you (the direction you are pulling), but perpendicular to that so that the axis traces out a circle. This is called precession. Another simple example of precession is the spinning of a top; because of variations in density of the top, its axis of rotation traces out a circle. [Note: in Physics labs, this demonstration is often done by hanging the bicycle wheel from the string, with its axis horizontal. This works well, but I think keeping the spinning axis vertical helps the students to visualize the Earth's coordinate system.]

We can see that the Earth's axis of rotation precesses, since we know that the North Star (Polaris) was not aligned with the rotational pole in the past (it wasn't the "North Star"), and appears to be moving away from that position, so that it won't be aligned in the future. By observing the apparent movement of the stars with respect to the rotational axis, we can determine that Earth's period of precession is almost 25,735 years (it will take 25,735 years for Polaris to become the North Star once again).

The quantity that relates the rate of precession to the amount of torque applied is the moment of inertia. The moment of inertia is related to the distribution of mass about the axis of rotation. If the mass is concentrated near the axis, the moment of inertia will be small, but if the mass is distributed outward, the moment of inertia will be large. For a constant torque, a small moment of inertia will result in a rapid rate of rotation. Ice skaters make use of this principle in their spins, and you can demonstrate this if you have a turntable that you can stand on. Hold your arms out and begin spinning; if you pull your arms in, you will spin much faster (be careful).

Since we have good estimates of the mass and distance of the Moon, and we can observe the rate of precession of the Earth, we may determine the moment of inertia of the Earth. It is 8.07 x 1037 kg-m2, or 0.33 M R2 (where M and R are the Earth's mass and average radius, respectively). A homogeneous sphere would have a moment of inertia of 0.4 M R2, so this indicates that the mass of the Earth is concentrated toward it's center (density increases inward). More importantly, however, the Earth's moment of inertia puts a very tight constraint on how the density increases inward.

Positions From StarCalc of

Current Pole Star
Alp Ursae Minoris (1; Alp UMi; HR 424)
Current apparent equat. coordinates:
Alp: 2h 39m 38.1s Del: +89° 17' 38"
Equat. coordinates (J2000):
Alp: 2h 31m 48.7s Del: +89° 15' 51"
V: 2.02m; Parallax: 0.007"
Spectrum: F7:Ib-IIv; B-V: 0.60m binary.; spec.-binary.

Position of Seven Rishi's

Sage Sayana Position In Hours (Ascention time)
Kratuh 165:55:56 11:03:44
Pulahah 165:27:37 11:01:50.50
Pulastya 178:31:34 11:54:06.06
Atri 183:55:14 12:15:41.41
Angirasa 193:33:48 12:54:15.15
Vasishta 201:01:55 13:24:08.08
Marichi 206:56:06 13:47:44.44

»Pole Star ON

21 March 2141 BC

Alpha Draconis (11; 6546; HR 5291)
Current apparent equat. coordinates:
Alp: 14h 4m 29.4s Del: +64° 20' 58"
Equat. coordinates (J2000):
Alp: 14h 4m 23.3s Del: +64° 22' 33"
V: 3.65m; Parallax: 0.018"
Spectrum: A0III; B-V: -0.05m spec.-binary.


Earth Rotation and Equatorial Coordinates


By the standards of modern astrometry, the earth is quite a wobbly platform from which to observe the sky. The earth's rotation rate is not uniform, its axis of rotation is not fixed in space, and even its shape and relative positions of its surface locations are not fixed. For the purposes of pointing a telescope to one-arcsecond accuracy, we need not worry about shape and surface feature changes, but changes in the orientation of the earth's rotation axis are very important.

In a sense, equatorial sky coordinates are a compromise between an earth-based system and one fixed with respect to distant stars. Right ascension and declination are quite analogous to longitude and latitude on the earth's surface. They share the same polar axis and equator, but the sky coordinate grid does not rotate with the earth's daily spin. However, apparent right ascension and declination are not fixed with respect to the stars because their coordinate frame follows the motion the earth's pole and equator. To be able to list star positions in catalogs, we have agreed to use the position of the earth's pole and equator at specified times, essentially snapshots of the RA and Dec coordinates at those times. January 1, 1950 and 2000 are the most common coordinate epochs.

The zero point of right ascension is not assigned to a particular celestial object in the same way that zero longitude is defined to be at Greenwich, England. Zero right ascension is the point where the sun appears to cross the celestial equator on its south to north journey through the sky in the spring. In three dimensions, the vernal equinox is the direction of the line where the plane of the earth's equator intersects the plane of the earth's orbit. Since the earth's orientation is constantly changing with respect to the stars, so does the position of the vernal equinox.

In practice, celestial coordinates are tied to observed objects because the location of the vernal equinox is hard to measure directly. The B1950 coodinate grid location is defined by the publish positions of stars in the fourth Fundamental-Katalog, FK4, and the J2000 system is based on FK5. These catalogs list mostly nearby stars so any definition of coordinates tied to these catalogs is subject to errors due to motions of the stars on the sky. The FK4 equinox is now known to drift with respect to the FK5 equinox by about 0.085 arcseconds per century, quite a bit by VLBI standards.

Currently, the most stable definition of J2000 coordinates is one based on about 400 extragalactic objects in the Radio Optical Reference Frame. This is heavily biased toward VLBI radio sources, but it will soon be tied to many more optical objects by the HIPPARCOS satellite. The RORF is stable to at least 0.020 arcseconds per century, and this is improving with better observations and a longer time base. The positional accuracy of the ensemble of 400 objects is about 0.0005 arcseconds.

For partly historical and partly practical reasons, the time variablity of the direction of the earth's rotation axis and an observatory's relation to it are divided into four components: precession, nutation, celestial pole offset, and polar motion. By definition, precession and nutation are mathematically defined through the adoption of the best available equations. Celestial pole offset and polar motion are observed offsets from the mathematical formulae and are not predictable over long periods of time. All four components are described in more detail below.


Neither the plane of the earth's orbit, the ecliptic, nor the plane of the earth's equator are fixed with respect to distant objects [ref 1]. The dominant motion is the precession of the earth's polar axis around the ecliptic pole, mainly due torques on the earth cause by the moon and sun. The earth's axis sweeps out a cone of 23.5 degrees half angle in 26,000 years.

The ecliptic pole moves more slowly. If we imagine the motion of the two poles with respect to very distant objects, the earth's pole is moving about 20 arcseconds per year, and the ecliptic pole is moving about 0.5 arcseconds per year. The combined motion and its effect on the position of the vernal equinox are called general precession. The predictable short term deviations of the earth's axis from its long term precession are called nutation as explained in the next section.

Equations, accurate to one arcsecond, for computing precession corrections to right ascension and declination for a given date within about 20 years of the year 2000 are

 RA = RA(2000) + (3.075 + 1.336 * sin(RA) * tan(Dec)) * y
Dec = Dec(2000) + 20.04 * cos(RA) * y
where y is the time from January 1, 2000 in fractional years, and the offsets in RA and Dec are in seconds of time and arcseconds, respectively. Very accurate telescope pointing calculations should use the exact equations given on pages 104 and 105 of ref [1].


Predictable motions of the earth's rotation axis on time scales less than 300 years are combined under nutation. This can be thought of as a first order correction to precession. The currently standard nutation theory is composed of 106 non-harmonically-related sine and cosine components, mainly due to second-order torque effects from the sun and moon, plus 85 planetary correction terms. The four dominant periods of nutation are 18.6 years (precession period of the lunar orbit), 182.6 days (half a year), 13.7 days (half a month), and 9.3 years (rotation period of the moon's perigee).

Normally, the corrections for precession and nutation in right ascension and declination will be handled by the telescope control computer. But, if you are stuck in the wilderness with a hand held calculator, or you want to check a position, the following approximation for nutation are good to about an arcsecond [ref 2].

 delta RA = (0.9175 + 0.3978 * sin(RA) * tan(Dec)) * dL
- cos(RA) * tan(Dec) * dE
delta Dec = 0.3978 * cos(RA) * dL + sin(RA) * dE
where delta RA and delta Dec are added to mean coordinates to get apparent coordinates, and the nutations in longitude, dL, and obliquity of the ecliptic, dE, may be found in the Astronomical Almanac, pages B24-B31, or computed from the two largest terms in the general theory with
 dL = -17.3 * sin(125.0 - 0.05295 * d)
- 1.4 * sin(200.0 + 1.97129 * d)
dE = 9.4 * cos(125.0 - 0.05295 * d)
+ 0.7 * cos(200.0 + 1.97129 * d)
where d = Julian Date - 2451545.0, the sine and cosine arguments are in degrees, and dL and dE are in arcseconds.

Celestial Pole Offset

The celestial pole offset is the unpredictable part of nutation. These offsets are published in IERS Bulletin A as offsets in dL and dE. For telescope pointing they are not important since they are on the order of 0.03 arcseconds.

Polar Motion

Because of internal motions and shape deformations of the earth, an axis defined by the locations of a set of observatories on the surface of the earth is not fixed with respect to the rotation axis which defines the celestial pole. The movement of one axis with respect to the other is called polar motion. For a particular observatory, it has the effect of changing the observatory's effective latitude as used in the transformation from terrestrial to celestial coordinates. The International Earth Rotation Service definition of the terrestrial reference frame axis is called the IERS Reference Pole (IRP) as defined by it's observatory ensemble.

The dominant component of polar motion, called Chandler wobble, is a roughly circular motion of the IRP around the celestial pole with an amplitude of about 0.7 arcseconds and a period of roughly 14 months. Shorter and longer time scale irregularities, due to internal motions of the earth, are not predictable and must be monitored by observation. The sum of Chandler wobble and irregular components of polar motion are published weekly in IERS Bulletin A along with predictions for a number of months into the future.

Observing Station Coordinates

There is quite a variety of local and globle coordinate systems that may be used to describe locations on the surface of the earth. The three of most importance in astronomy, geocentric, geodetic, and astronomical, are briefly described here. See Chapter 4 of the Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac [ref 3] for a more complete discussion of terrestrial coordinates.


Geocentric coordinates are most useful for VLBI and pulsar timing where the observer's three-dimensional location in space is important. The reference planes are the equator, the Greenwich Meridian, and the plane through the earth's axis and perpendicular to the Greenwich Meridian, call it the east-west plane. A telescope's rectangular cordinate components (x,y,z) are
 x = distance from the east-west plane, Greewich being positive x
y = eastward distance from the Greenwich Merdian
z = northward distance from the equator
For example, the coordinates for the 140-ft telescope from VLBI are
 x =   882880.0208 meters
y = -4924482.4385 meters
z = 3944130.6438 meters
Geocentric latitude and longitude are not commonly used, but they are defined by
 latitude  = arctan( z / sqrt( x^2 + y^2 ) )
longitude = arctan( y / x )


The closest simple approximation to the shape of the surface of the earth is an ellipse rotated around the earth's axis, an ellipsoid. The difference between the long and short axes of this ellipse is about 0.3%. The value of flattening [ref 4], adopted by the IERS in 1989 is [ref 5]
 f = ( a - b ) / a = 1.0 / 298.275
where a is the equatorial axis, and b is the polar axis of the ellipsoid.

Geodetic coordinates are a measure of the direction of the line perpendicular to the ideal ellipsoid at the observer's location on the earth. Geodetic longitude is the same as geocentric longitude because they share the same reference meridian and axis. Geodetic and geocentric latitude can differ by as much as 10 arcminutes at mid latitudes. The ellipsoid is mathematical concept so you cannot measure from it directly, but it differs from mean sea level, also called the geoid, by less than 100 meters and more typically by less than 20 or 30 meters [ref 7].

Observatory longitude and latitude given in Section J of the Astronomical Almanac can be considered geodetic to the accuracy of the significant figures listed. Observatory elevation are listed above mean sea level. Until 1984 the Almanac gave the height displacement between the reference ellipsoid and mean sea level for a number observatories. This has been discontinued, and the definition of the reference ellipsoid has been refined in the meantime.

If geocentric coordinates for an observatory are not available directly they may be derived from geodetic coordinates using the equations given in ref [6].

Astronomical or Geographic

The observatory coordinates that can be measured with only local information are astronomical or geographic longitude and latitude. They are defined by the local gravity vector and the direction of the celestial pole. Since the gravity vector is influenced by the local distribution of mass and density near the observatory, the difference between astronomical and geodetic coordinates can be as much as an arcminute.

For the purpose of pointing a telescope, astronomical coordinates are often sufficient. The conversion from altitude and azimuth to celestial coordinates can be made perfectly accurately using astronomical longitude and latitude and the sidereal time consistent with this longitude.

However, pointing corrections to most telescopes are on the order of minutes of arc and are determined from observations of celestial objects. Hence, there is no particular advantage to using astronomical coordinates. The local vertical and any known corrections are good starting points for determining telescope pointing. Once an altitude/azimuth coordinate system is defined on the basis of celestial measurements, it can be defined to be consistent with coordinates as defined in three dimensions by VLBI or some other technique.


[1] Hohenkerk, C.Y., Yallop, B.D., Smith, C.A., Sinclair, A.T., 1992, "Celestial Reference Systems", Chapter 3, p. 96, Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac, Seidelmann, P.K., Ed., U. S. Naval Observatory, University Science Books, Mill Valley, CA.

[2] ibid. p. 120

[3] Archinal, B.A., 1992, "Terrestrial Coordinates and the Rotation of the Earth", Chapter 4, p. 199, Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac, Seidelmann, P.K., Ed., U. S. Naval Observatory, University Science Books, Mill Valley, CA.

[4] ibid. p. 203

[5] ibid. p. 220

[6] ibid. p. 206

[7] Seidelmann, P.K., Wilkins, G.A., 1992, "Introduction to Positional Astronomy", Chapter 16, p. 199, Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac, Seidelmann, P.K., Ed., U. S. Naval Observatory, University Science Books, Mill Valley, CA.

Last updated February 5, 1996.

Rick Fisher's Home Page

Wednesday, November 23, 2005

Yoga Basics

> Dear SanjayP-ji,
> Namaskar. I read your nice analysis
(as quoted below) in vedic astrology group. One question.
> I think the query was about Graha Malika Yoga and it is different that Maalaa Yoga (listed in Nabhasa Yogas). Unlike
> Maalaa Yoga, GMY can include Ra/Ke in the chain. If not, kindly correct me. I am lacking thorough understanding of
> GMY although I have seen Sanjay-ji refer to this in this list. It seems the bhava which is at the tail of the chain (or Malika)
> is getting the focus. And the bhava at the head of the chain is initiating.
> I had detailed my questions earlier in this list (Message # 2076), however, I
didn't receive any reply. Kindly educate me on this topic.
> Best wishes,
> Sourav"

|| Om Gurave Namah ||
Namaste Sourav,

I was trying to get from basics. The Graha mallika yoga is more derived level yoga whose basics can be understood from Naabhasa yogas combinations. My whole effort was to say that there are thousands of yoga combinations. But they should begin from basics understanding. In that sense Graha Mallika yoga is derived from basic Naabhasa yoga. I
did not confuse between Maalaa yoga and Graha mallika yoga. Naabhasa yoga includes both Maalaa and Aakriti yoga. The Graha mallika is a sub class from the Aakriti yoga. The sequence of Yoga chapters given in Parasara are foundation for all Yoga analysis. So that my attempt in the previous mail.

Let me explain further my understandings on Yoga,

There are thousands of yoga possible, Primarily try to get the yogas classified from one of Paarashara yoga if possible.

Let me try to explain this better.

Yoga mean Union. Union means between Sun and moon. So all combinations are creation of Shiva Shakti.

So Primarily understand the position of Sun and moon,

1. Solar Yoga - Veshi and Voshi etc yoga
2. Lunar Yoga - Sunapha, Anapha, Durudhara, Kemadruma, Aadi etc

Thus all yoga are create by Sun and Moon, Just as by their union the moon goes in Shukla and Krishna Paksha the world and individual goes into the same.

Thus we have two more category,

1. Raaja Yoga: Like Shukla paksha
2. Parivrajya Yoga: Like Krishna paksha where renounciation increases.

Further in Raaja yoga we can classify them by two again by 2 royals, The Sun and moon.
1. Raajya yoga: Sun/Solar
2. Raajasambandha yoga: Royal association: Moon/Lunar.

Now, Just as the whole zodiac was created by Rashi (Sun) and Nakshatra chakra(Moon), Naabhasa mean from Nabha or Umbilical chord. As explained in previous mails. And the Sky (Brahma) created from the Vishnu's navel. The chart can be thought of as 12 Petal Lotus.

Just as Moon creates by 4 Kendras, The Naabhasa yoga is to understand the individual creation. The yoga is also understood in 4 Parts namely.

1. Aashraya Yoga: Rajju,Mussala,Nala (Rope, Rod and Tube). This yoga is like understanding the stalk of the lotus. There are many lotus in a pond. Some drift a lot some stay stationary etc. This depends on the way the stalk of the lotus is bound in the pond. Hence the 3 types of signs represents how the lotus moves about in the pond. It also indicates how the Lotus takes it's nourishments. The stalk is like the Legs of Dharma which always protects the individual and keeps one standing.

For example if the person has more number of planets in Moveable signs the person will move to many places and get the nourshments. If a person has more number of planets in dual sign the person be both moving and non moving. In the sense the person will alway keep one place as his home and then move around. Thus this yoga indicates the Support one gets.

2. Dala Yoga: are 2 type: Maalaa and Sarpa, Garland or Snake. These are like 2 amrita and poison. These two extremes are given as example the inbetween can be deduced. The grahas are classified in 2 categories malefic and benefic. Depending on more of them coming on quadrant the overal experience can be good or bad. This yoga indicates the malefic or benfic experience, malefic and benfic path taken, Understanding destruction and creation etc. The prime focus is on Malefics and Benifics. The malefics gets more power in Krishna Paksha (Waning) and Benefics in Shukla Paksha (Waxing moon). Thus this indicates the two paths taken by the individual. One towards Creation and the other towards Renunciation. Many malefics in quadrant can give a very difficult life and can make the person see the world like "Snake".

3. Aakriti yoga: Aakriti means patterns or forms, They are of 20 Types. If you note these 20 names given are like 20 weapons held in the hand of Durga. They are like providers of resources to fight the battle in life. So these yoga in which even the Graha mallika yoga comes under is like resources to individuals. The identification at naabhasa level gives more idea about the combination. Pay attention to each names and see what the various names or weapons or resources are useful for. The Kendras and patterns around the Kendras will give all the resources needed for the an individuals Profession, Wealth, Partners for Wealth Creation etc. Without these tools one cannot perform anything in these world.

4. Sankhyaa Yoga: They are of 7 types. indicating the 7 Rasa in humans. This indicates the desires of the person. If you note the 1st yoga is called Vallaki, Vallaka means Veena or 7 stringed musical instrument. These allude to Saraswati. The number of houses the 7 graha are spread out indicate the desires and creative potency of individual. 7 is maybe the highest and 1 gola yoga is lowest gives knowledge of renunciation more. So on. It indicates the basics Desires of the individual. The desires lead to creation.

Thus Parasara provides the basic foundation for all Yogas. The 9 Grahas with Lagna can form many different Yoga in each chart. The study should begin with proper understanding and classification of Yogas.

Warm Regards
Sanjay P

Monday, November 21, 2005

Jyotish and Vyaakarana Vedanga

|| Om Vaacaspataye Namah ||

Dear Friends,
Six Vedanga's (Grammar, Etymology, Pronunciation, Tunes, Kalpa , Jyotisha ) are needed to understand Vedas is well known to all students of Veda and related subjects.

Students should also understand that these Vedanga should also be mutually used to understand better. Like for example it's evident that you need to understand Shiksha (Pronunciation) correctly to understand say Tunes ( Chandas), Etymology of words correctly to get the meanings of words and Grammar to associated the words to make complete meaning and so on. But the use of Jyotish with others is not so evident. Like for example Students of Sanskrit usually focus on Pronunciation(Shiksha),
Etymology (Nirukta) and Grammar (Vyaakaran) but they don't have basics of Jyotish and Kalpa etc to tie things together.

To make my point clear and attempt an example, Let's take the example of Vibakti of Grammar. In Grammar (Vyaakaran) Vibhakti is an important word declinations to indicate the subject, object and verbs relations between them. Vibhakti means Prepositions. A Vibhakti is a declination(sounds added at the end of each noun) to indicate the relationship of Verb (Karma/Kriya) to the Person (both persons receiver and doer of karma).

There are 7 prime Vibhakti's or called cases, namely

1st case


1, 2, 3

2nd case


Object, to (when the verb is go), towards, about

3rd case


By, with, through

4th case

Dative case

For, to (when the verb is give)

5th case


From, than

6th case


Of, 's, among

7th case


In, on, at, among

In Jyotish 7 indicates relationships, A Karma is always performed between two people. The bhaava(house) is numbered Seven because Seven types of relations is possible. The seven types of resources are the Seven Rasa's. In Grammar this gives rise to Seven types of Vibhakti. Let's take an example "A Boy" is involved in an activity (Karma) Verb. This leads to Seven types of tasks "Boy" can be involved in,

Let me take example with Single Boy, The students can refer to grammar books for 2 and mulptiboy declinations,





Pratama Vibhakti

baalah बालः bālaḥ


A boy

Dwitiya Vibhakti

baalam बालं bālaṁ


A boy is object,

To a boy

Towards a boy

About a boy

Tritiya Vibhakti

baalena बालेन bālena


By a boy,

with a boy

through a boy

Chaturta Vibhakti

baalaaya बालाय bālāya


For a boy,

To a boy.

Pancama Vibhakti

baalaat बालात् bālāt


From a boy

Than a boy

Shashti Vibhakti

baalasya बालस्य bālasya


Of a boy,


Saptma Vibhakti

baalao बालौ bālau


In a boy

On a boy

At a boy

Note: The Sambodana or Exclamation is type of First.

Thus a relation to 7th house for partners and Seven types of relations formed with them for a certain karma can be understood.

For Example when we do mantra to worship each diety mostly we use the Fourth Vibhakti,
For example
The object : Shiva
Doer : Yourself
Action: Salutation

Namah Shivaaya
(I Salute) (To Shiva)
the Word Shiva is declined in 4th Vibhakti to form Shivaaya.
Thus 4th emotion of compassion can be invoked.

Warm Regards
Sanjay P

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