Agni Mantra

Agni Mantra

Monday, November 21, 2005

Jyotish and Vyaakarana Vedanga

|| Om Vaacaspataye Namah ||

Dear Friends,
Six Vedanga's (Grammar, Etymology, Pronunciation, Tunes, Kalpa , Jyotisha ) are needed to understand Vedas is well known to all students of Veda and related subjects.

Students should also understand that these Vedanga should also be mutually used to understand better. Like for example it's evident that you need to understand Shiksha (Pronunciation) correctly to understand say Tunes ( Chandas), Etymology of words correctly to get the meanings of words and Grammar to associated the words to make complete meaning and so on. But the use of Jyotish with others is not so evident. Like for example Students of Sanskrit usually focus on Pronunciation(Shiksha),
Etymology (Nirukta) and Grammar (Vyaakaran) but they don't have basics of Jyotish and Kalpa etc to tie things together.

To make my point clear and attempt an example, Let's take the example of Vibakti of Grammar. In Grammar (Vyaakaran) Vibhakti is an important word declinations to indicate the subject, object and verbs relations between them. Vibhakti means Prepositions. A Vibhakti is a declination(sounds added at the end of each noun) to indicate the relationship of Verb (Karma/Kriya) to the Person (both persons receiver and doer of karma).

There are 7 prime Vibhakti's or called cases, namely

1st case


1, 2, 3

2nd case


Object, to (when the verb is go), towards, about

3rd case


By, with, through

4th case

Dative case

For, to (when the verb is give)

5th case


From, than

6th case


Of, 's, among

7th case


In, on, at, among

In Jyotish 7 indicates relationships, A Karma is always performed between two people. The bhaava(house) is numbered Seven because Seven types of relations is possible. The seven types of resources are the Seven Rasa's. In Grammar this gives rise to Seven types of Vibhakti. Let's take an example "A Boy" is involved in an activity (Karma) Verb. This leads to Seven types of tasks "Boy" can be involved in,

Let me take example with Single Boy, The students can refer to grammar books for 2 and mulptiboy declinations,





Pratama Vibhakti

baalah बालः bālaḥ


A boy

Dwitiya Vibhakti

baalam बालं bālaṁ


A boy is object,

To a boy

Towards a boy

About a boy

Tritiya Vibhakti

baalena बालेन bālena


By a boy,

with a boy

through a boy

Chaturta Vibhakti

baalaaya बालाय bālāya


For a boy,

To a boy.

Pancama Vibhakti

baalaat बालात् bālāt


From a boy

Than a boy

Shashti Vibhakti

baalasya बालस्य bālasya


Of a boy,


Saptma Vibhakti

baalao बालौ bālau


In a boy

On a boy

At a boy

Note: The Sambodana or Exclamation is type of First.

Thus a relation to 7th house for partners and Seven types of relations formed with them for a certain karma can be understood.

For Example when we do mantra to worship each diety mostly we use the Fourth Vibhakti,
For example
The object : Shiva
Doer : Yourself
Action: Salutation

Namah Shivaaya
(I Salute) (To Shiva)
the Word Shiva is declined in 4th Vibhakti to form Shivaaya.
Thus 4th emotion of compassion can be invoked.

Warm Regards
Sanjay P

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