Agni Mantra

Agni Mantra

Friday, July 07, 2017

Jyotish Measurement Units

|| Om Gurave Namah ||

Dear Jyotishas,
Here I will try to list the common units used in Jyotish text books.
Regards,
Sanjay P

Unit:घटिक ghaṭika Ghatika, 
Other Names: Nadi, Nadika, Naligai(Tamil)
Description: Approximate time for water to drain from a water pot. A day is divided in 60 Parts of 24 ghatikas.
Equivalent: 24 Minutes

Sub Unit:विघटिक vighaṭika vighatika
Description :  60th portion of Ghatika, Usually the prefix "vi" in mathematical units is to indicate 60th portion,
Equivalent: 24 Seconds

Unit: पल pala (As unit of Time)
Description:  A Vighatika is also called a Pala, so it's also 60th portion of Ghatika.
Equivalent: 24 Seconds.

Sub Unit: विपल vipala
Description: 60th portion of Pala.
Equivalent: 0.4 Seconds.

Unit: असु asu (as unit of time)
Description: 10 Vipala makes a asu
Equivalent: 4 Seconds.

Unit: प्राण prāṇa (as unit of time). 
Description: 1/6 of Vinadi or 10 Vipala, Same as Asu. Approximately equal to one breath cycle time. 
Equivalent: 4 Seconds.

From Surya Siddanta 
1.28  Sixty seconds (vikalaa) make a minute (kalaa); sixty of these, a degree (bhaaga); of thirty of the latter is composed a sign (raashi); twelve of these are a revolution (bhagana).





Friday, February 10, 2017

Karaṇa and Tithi Point


|| Om Gurave Namah ||

Dear Jyotishas,

  Tithi Sphuta or Tithi point is defined as Moon longitude subtracted by Sun longitude ( Moon - Sun = TithiSphuta, when negative add 360 degree to moon). Mark this point in the Jataka Chart (Horoscope). This point will indicate controller of water element in your chart.

Note this is a second level of analysis, firstly you have to do Panchanga(5 limbs of time) analysis and while doing that note the tithi and it's Lord, please refer standard text books to understand the tithi deity, lords etc.

Here in this blog note, we'll just briefly discuss the tithi sphuta on the chart. Mark the tithi sphuta (point) in the chart and see how it's placed. i.e it's rashi position and house position.

Tithi sphuta/point goes around the zodiac are rate of one full circle  in 29.5 days. Below is the Square format chart, I have marked two concentric squares over the normal square chart.  The outer square is the list of all the tithis, for 12 degrees. They are marked as S1 for Shukla paksha prathamai etc, A for Amavasya/New Moon, P for purnima and K1 etc for Krishna paksha prathamai. The next inner square is for karana for every 6 degree, The are marked as b=Bhava, B=Baalava, k-kaulava, t-taitula, g-garija,v-vanisha, V-Vishti, S-shakuni, C-chatushpada, N-Naaga, and K-Kimstugna.

For example when tithi point is 3* degrees, it will be Aries, so tithi is Shukla paksha pratamai (S1) and karaṇa is Kimstugna karaṇa.
Note the below rashi and grahas in all chart analysis,
1) S1 is ruled by Sun,
2) The point is in Aries ruled by Mars.
3) Kimstugna karaṇa is in 1st Panchamsa of Aries.
The afflictions to Tithi point will spoil marriage and general welfare, while afflictions to Karana will spoil Job, Promotions, Governance etc.





A
S1
S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
K14
S

C
N
K
b
B
k
t
g
v
V
b
B
k
t

g
S7

3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3

V
2






4
v
K13
v
1














5
V
S8
g
5



1
b
K12
t
4


2
B
S9
k
3


3
k
K11
B
2

Karana D5

4
t
S10
b
1




5
g
K10
V
5



1
v
S11
v
4


2
V
K9
g
3


3
b
S12
t
2


4
B
K8
k
1



5
k
S13
B
5














1
t
K7
b
4






2
g
S14

3
2
1
5
4
3
2
1
5
4
3
2
1
5
4
3

V

v
g
t
k
B
b
V
v
g
t
k
B
b
V

v
K6
K5
K4
K3
K2
K1
P