Agni Mantra

Agni Mantra

Tuesday, November 29, 2005

Shree Jayanti

|| Om Namo Bhagavate Vaasudevaaya ||

Shree Krishna's Birth is called Shree Jayanti.

The following is the panchanga details of Krishna's Birth.

Nakshatra: Rohini 4th Pada
Karana: Kaulava
Yoga: Harshana
Tithi: Krishna Ashtami (K8)
Vaara : Wednesday

The above is the Chart of Shree Krishna. Jyotisha Narasimhan in his Kaala-prakaashika has given the above details of Lord Krishna's birth.

Lagna has strong moon indicating that Krishna is an avatar of Lord Vishnu. Vishnu's avatar has strong Moon. Moon is the indicator of Sustenance. And Vishnu sustaines this world. Sustenance is bought by maintaining Dharma. If you note even Lord Rama had a strong moon on in his Cancer Lagna.

Arudha Lagna with Pisces indicates presence in this world Like a sage. Exalted mercury aspecting Arudha Lagna indicates the great Vedanta Upanishad like Bhagavata Geeta to this world. Mercury makes the person be remembered by some literary work.

Moon and Sun two satvic Planets in 3rd and 6th from Arudha Lagna indicates his peaceful nature. Infact Moon in 3rd from Arudha Lagna gave him the name of "Ranchor" the one who robbed away from War. He is known for running away from war to maintain Dwarka.

Sun in 4th house, indicates his early seperation from Mother. Signs occupied by Sun can give Seperation. Sun indicates soul and in one Kshetra (Body) only one soul can remain. Kshetra also means a Sign.

Lagna Lord in Venus in Marana Karaka Staana gave him main dangers to his life in his childhood. Marana Kaaraka staana graha also makes the person move from one place to another to avoid trouble. This happened to Krishna where his birth place of residence was also attacked many times.

Mercury in 5th is Exalted and Shishya Arudha also falls in Gemini also owned by exalted Mercury indicates Arjuna. The very intelligent student. Exalted Planets in 1st or 7th from Arudha causes lasting fame and Krishna is known most for His updesha to Arjuna on Bhagavata Geeta.

Upapada is in Cancer with Exalted Jupiter and Rahu in it. Exalted UL lord indicates that spouce is from royal family. Also Rahu in UL indicates many. Krishna had marry the widowed wives of many kings to give them good respect in society. Jupiter indicates this benevolent nature.

Narayana Dasa for Shree Krishna
Ta: 5 Years, 0 to 5
Sg: 8 Years, 5 to 13 age
Cn: 3 Years, 13 to 16 age
Aq: 8 Years, 16 to 24 age
Vi: 12 years, 24 to 36 age
Ar: 10 years, 36 to 46 age
Sc: 3 Years, 46 to 49 age
Ge: 4 Years, 49 to 53 age
Cp: 4 Year, 53 to 57 Age
Le: 12 years, 57 to 69 age
Pi: 9 Years, 69 yo 78 Age
Li: 12 Years, 78 to 90 Age
Dasa repeats by -12

To give an example, The first dasa was ruled by Taurus for 5 Years.
Dividing in 3 parts we get 1yr 8 months each. Being a prishotodaya sign. The sign will give the results in last 3rd part. Venus is in Shirshodaya sign and 1st part will be ruled by Venus. The middle part the aspects on Sign Taurus will be seen.
So as soon as he was born the marana kaaraka Venus shows it's results. He was having danger to life from many evils. Since it was in 6th house for Relatives. It's was his Maamaa (Mother's Brother 3rd from 4th) who was causing these evils.

So on we can understand all the dasa.

Monday, November 28, 2005

Precession of Earth's Rotation

Precession of the equinoxes

The Earth goes through one complete precession cycle in a period of approximately 25,800 years, during which the positions of stars as measured in the equatorial coordinate system will slowly change; the change is actually due to the change of the coordinates. Over this cycle the Earth's north axial pole moves from where it is now, within 1° of Polaris, in a circle around the ecliptic pole, with an angular radius of 23 degrees 27 arcminutes [1], or about 23.5 degrees. The shift is 1 degree in 180 years (the angle is taken from the observer, not from the center of the circle).

The explanation of this is: The axis of the Earth undergoes precession due to a combination of the Earth's nonspherical shape (it is an oblate spheroid, bulging outward at the equator) and the gravitational tidal forces of the Moon and Sun applying torque as they attempt to pull the equatorial bulge into the plane of the ecliptic. The portion of the precession due to the combined action of the Sun and the Moon is called lunisolar precession.

A changing north star

Polaris is not particularly well-suited for marking the north celestial pole, as its visual magnitude, which is variable, hovers around 2.1, fairly far down the list of brightest stars in the sky. On the other hand, in 3000 BC the faint star Thuban in the constellation Draco was the pole star; at magnitude 3.67 it is five times fainter than Polaris; today it is all but invisible in light-polluted urban skies. The brightest star known to have been North Star or to be predictable as taking that role in the future is the brilliant Vega in the constellation Lyra, which will be the pole star around the year AD 14,000. When viewed looking down onto the Earth from the north, the direction of precession is clockwise. When standing on Earth looking outward, the axis appears to move counter-clockwise across the sky. This sense of precession, against the sense of Earth's own axial rotation, is opposite to the precession of a top on a table. The reason is that the torques imposed on the Earth by the Sun and Moon act in the sense of trying to align its axis normal to the ecliptic, i.e. to stand up more vertically in regards to the ecliptic plane, while the torque on a top spinning on a hard surface acts in the sense of trying to make the top fall over, rather than to stand up straighter.

Image:precession starchart.jpg

Polaris is not exactly at the pole; any long-exposure unguided photo will show it having a short trail. It is close enough for most practical purposes, though. The south celestial pole precesses too, always remaining exactly opposite the north pole. The south pole is in a particularly bland portion of the sky, and the nominal south pole star is Sigma Octantis, which, while fairly close to the pole, is even weaker than Thuban -- magnitude 5.5, which is barely visible even under a properly dark sky. The precession of the Earth is not entirely regular due to the fact that the Sun and Moon are not in the same plane and move relative to each other, causing the torque they apply to Earth to vary. This varying torque produces a slight irregular motion in the poles called nutation.

Precession of the Earth's axis is a very slow effect, but at the level of accuracy at which astronomers work, it does need to be taken into account. Note that precession has no effect on the inclination ("tilt") of the plane of the Earth's equator (and thus its axis of rotation) on its orbital plane. It is 23.5 degrees and precession does not change that. The inclination of the equator on the ecliptic does change due to gravitational torque, but its period is different (main period about 41000 years).

The following figure illustrates the effects of axial precession on the seasons, relative to perihelion and aphelion. The precession of the equinoxes can cause periodic climate change (see Milankovitch cycles), because the hemisphere that experiences summer at perihelion and winter at aphelion (as the southern hemisphere does presently) is in principle prone to more severe seasons than the opposite hemisphere.

Image:precession and seasons.jpg


Hipparchus first estimated Earth's precession around 130 BC, adding his own observations to those of Babylonian and Chaldean astronomers in the preceding centuries. In particular they measured the distance of the stars like Spica to the Moon and Sun at the time of lunar eclipses, and because he could compute the distance of the Moon and Sun from the equinox at these moments, he noticed that Spica and other stars appeared to have moved over the centuries.

Precession causes the cycle of seasons (tropical year) to be about 20.4 minutes less than the period for the earth to return to the same position with respect to the stars as one year previously (sidereal year). This results in a slow change (one day per 58 calendar years) in the position of the sun with respect to the stars at an equinox. It is significant for calendars and their leap year rules.



Demonstration of how the Earth's equatorial bulge causes precession
Gyroscope (a bicycle wheel works well), turntable (optional)
Background and Demonstration:
Due to the Earth's rotation, there is a slight equatorial bulge (and an offsetting depression at the poles). The maximum deviation from a sphere is only about 15 km, or 0.2% of the spherical radius. Nevertheless, since the axis of rotation of the Earth is inclined (tipped) relative to the plane of the Sun, Moon and planets (the ecliptic), the gravitational effect of the Moon (and to a lesser extent the Sun and planets) on the equatorial bulge causes a torque to be applied to the Earth. This is a rotational force in the direction that would decrease the inclination of the rotation axis.

As it spins, the Earth behaves somewhat like a gyroscope; it wants to maintain it's orientation (it is difficult to change it's direction). A bicycle wheel (particularly one with a loaded rim) is excellent as a demonstration gyroscope, although small toy gyroscopes work also. If we apply a torque to the gyroscope (balance the spinning bicycle wheel on one hand, and pull a string attached to top axle with the other), it's axis of rotation does not move toward you (the direction you are pulling), but perpendicular to that so that the axis traces out a circle. This is called precession. Another simple example of precession is the spinning of a top; because of variations in density of the top, its axis of rotation traces out a circle. [Note: in Physics labs, this demonstration is often done by hanging the bicycle wheel from the string, with its axis horizontal. This works well, but I think keeping the spinning axis vertical helps the students to visualize the Earth's coordinate system.]

We can see that the Earth's axis of rotation precesses, since we know that the North Star (Polaris) was not aligned with the rotational pole in the past (it wasn't the "North Star"), and appears to be moving away from that position, so that it won't be aligned in the future. By observing the apparent movement of the stars with respect to the rotational axis, we can determine that Earth's period of precession is almost 25,735 years (it will take 25,735 years for Polaris to become the North Star once again).

The quantity that relates the rate of precession to the amount of torque applied is the moment of inertia. The moment of inertia is related to the distribution of mass about the axis of rotation. If the mass is concentrated near the axis, the moment of inertia will be small, but if the mass is distributed outward, the moment of inertia will be large. For a constant torque, a small moment of inertia will result in a rapid rate of rotation. Ice skaters make use of this principle in their spins, and you can demonstrate this if you have a turntable that you can stand on. Hold your arms out and begin spinning; if you pull your arms in, you will spin much faster (be careful).

Since we have good estimates of the mass and distance of the Moon, and we can observe the rate of precession of the Earth, we may determine the moment of inertia of the Earth. It is 8.07 x 1037 kg-m2, or 0.33 M R2 (where M and R are the Earth's mass and average radius, respectively). A homogeneous sphere would have a moment of inertia of 0.4 M R2, so this indicates that the mass of the Earth is concentrated toward it's center (density increases inward). More importantly, however, the Earth's moment of inertia puts a very tight constraint on how the density increases inward.

Positions From StarCalc of

Current Pole Star
Alp Ursae Minoris (1; Alp UMi; HR 424)
Current apparent equat. coordinates:
Alp: 2h 39m 38.1s Del: +89° 17' 38"
Equat. coordinates (J2000):
Alp: 2h 31m 48.7s Del: +89° 15' 51"
V: 2.02m; Parallax: 0.007"
Spectrum: F7:Ib-IIv; B-V: 0.60m binary.; spec.-binary.

Position of Seven Rishi's

Sage Sayana Position In Hours (Ascention time)
Kratuh 165:55:56 11:03:44
Pulahah 165:27:37 11:01:50.50
Pulastya 178:31:34 11:54:06.06
Atri 183:55:14 12:15:41.41
Angirasa 193:33:48 12:54:15.15
Vasishta 201:01:55 13:24:08.08
Marichi 206:56:06 13:47:44.44

»Pole Star ON

21 March 2141 BC

Alpha Draconis (11; 6546; HR 5291)
Current apparent equat. coordinates:
Alp: 14h 4m 29.4s Del: +64° 20' 58"
Equat. coordinates (J2000):
Alp: 14h 4m 23.3s Del: +64° 22' 33"
V: 3.65m; Parallax: 0.018"
Spectrum: A0III; B-V: -0.05m spec.-binary.


Earth Rotation and Equatorial Coordinates


By the standards of modern astrometry, the earth is quite a wobbly platform from which to observe the sky. The earth's rotation rate is not uniform, its axis of rotation is not fixed in space, and even its shape and relative positions of its surface locations are not fixed. For the purposes of pointing a telescope to one-arcsecond accuracy, we need not worry about shape and surface feature changes, but changes in the orientation of the earth's rotation axis are very important.

In a sense, equatorial sky coordinates are a compromise between an earth-based system and one fixed with respect to distant stars. Right ascension and declination are quite analogous to longitude and latitude on the earth's surface. They share the same polar axis and equator, but the sky coordinate grid does not rotate with the earth's daily spin. However, apparent right ascension and declination are not fixed with respect to the stars because their coordinate frame follows the motion the earth's pole and equator. To be able to list star positions in catalogs, we have agreed to use the position of the earth's pole and equator at specified times, essentially snapshots of the RA and Dec coordinates at those times. January 1, 1950 and 2000 are the most common coordinate epochs.

The zero point of right ascension is not assigned to a particular celestial object in the same way that zero longitude is defined to be at Greenwich, England. Zero right ascension is the point where the sun appears to cross the celestial equator on its south to north journey through the sky in the spring. In three dimensions, the vernal equinox is the direction of the line where the plane of the earth's equator intersects the plane of the earth's orbit. Since the earth's orientation is constantly changing with respect to the stars, so does the position of the vernal equinox.

In practice, celestial coordinates are tied to observed objects because the location of the vernal equinox is hard to measure directly. The B1950 coodinate grid location is defined by the publish positions of stars in the fourth Fundamental-Katalog, FK4, and the J2000 system is based on FK5. These catalogs list mostly nearby stars so any definition of coordinates tied to these catalogs is subject to errors due to motions of the stars on the sky. The FK4 equinox is now known to drift with respect to the FK5 equinox by about 0.085 arcseconds per century, quite a bit by VLBI standards.

Currently, the most stable definition of J2000 coordinates is one based on about 400 extragalactic objects in the Radio Optical Reference Frame. This is heavily biased toward VLBI radio sources, but it will soon be tied to many more optical objects by the HIPPARCOS satellite. The RORF is stable to at least 0.020 arcseconds per century, and this is improving with better observations and a longer time base. The positional accuracy of the ensemble of 400 objects is about 0.0005 arcseconds.

For partly historical and partly practical reasons, the time variablity of the direction of the earth's rotation axis and an observatory's relation to it are divided into four components: precession, nutation, celestial pole offset, and polar motion. By definition, precession and nutation are mathematically defined through the adoption of the best available equations. Celestial pole offset and polar motion are observed offsets from the mathematical formulae and are not predictable over long periods of time. All four components are described in more detail below.


Neither the plane of the earth's orbit, the ecliptic, nor the plane of the earth's equator are fixed with respect to distant objects [ref 1]. The dominant motion is the precession of the earth's polar axis around the ecliptic pole, mainly due torques on the earth cause by the moon and sun. The earth's axis sweeps out a cone of 23.5 degrees half angle in 26,000 years.

The ecliptic pole moves more slowly. If we imagine the motion of the two poles with respect to very distant objects, the earth's pole is moving about 20 arcseconds per year, and the ecliptic pole is moving about 0.5 arcseconds per year. The combined motion and its effect on the position of the vernal equinox are called general precession. The predictable short term deviations of the earth's axis from its long term precession are called nutation as explained in the next section.

Equations, accurate to one arcsecond, for computing precession corrections to right ascension and declination for a given date within about 20 years of the year 2000 are

 RA = RA(2000) + (3.075 + 1.336 * sin(RA) * tan(Dec)) * y
Dec = Dec(2000) + 20.04 * cos(RA) * y
where y is the time from January 1, 2000 in fractional years, and the offsets in RA and Dec are in seconds of time and arcseconds, respectively. Very accurate telescope pointing calculations should use the exact equations given on pages 104 and 105 of ref [1].


Predictable motions of the earth's rotation axis on time scales less than 300 years are combined under nutation. This can be thought of as a first order correction to precession. The currently standard nutation theory is composed of 106 non-harmonically-related sine and cosine components, mainly due to second-order torque effects from the sun and moon, plus 85 planetary correction terms. The four dominant periods of nutation are 18.6 years (precession period of the lunar orbit), 182.6 days (half a year), 13.7 days (half a month), and 9.3 years (rotation period of the moon's perigee).

Normally, the corrections for precession and nutation in right ascension and declination will be handled by the telescope control computer. But, if you are stuck in the wilderness with a hand held calculator, or you want to check a position, the following approximation for nutation are good to about an arcsecond [ref 2].

 delta RA = (0.9175 + 0.3978 * sin(RA) * tan(Dec)) * dL
- cos(RA) * tan(Dec) * dE
delta Dec = 0.3978 * cos(RA) * dL + sin(RA) * dE
where delta RA and delta Dec are added to mean coordinates to get apparent coordinates, and the nutations in longitude, dL, and obliquity of the ecliptic, dE, may be found in the Astronomical Almanac, pages B24-B31, or computed from the two largest terms in the general theory with
 dL = -17.3 * sin(125.0 - 0.05295 * d)
- 1.4 * sin(200.0 + 1.97129 * d)
dE = 9.4 * cos(125.0 - 0.05295 * d)
+ 0.7 * cos(200.0 + 1.97129 * d)
where d = Julian Date - 2451545.0, the sine and cosine arguments are in degrees, and dL and dE are in arcseconds.

Celestial Pole Offset

The celestial pole offset is the unpredictable part of nutation. These offsets are published in IERS Bulletin A as offsets in dL and dE. For telescope pointing they are not important since they are on the order of 0.03 arcseconds.

Polar Motion

Because of internal motions and shape deformations of the earth, an axis defined by the locations of a set of observatories on the surface of the earth is not fixed with respect to the rotation axis which defines the celestial pole. The movement of one axis with respect to the other is called polar motion. For a particular observatory, it has the effect of changing the observatory's effective latitude as used in the transformation from terrestrial to celestial coordinates. The International Earth Rotation Service definition of the terrestrial reference frame axis is called the IERS Reference Pole (IRP) as defined by it's observatory ensemble.

The dominant component of polar motion, called Chandler wobble, is a roughly circular motion of the IRP around the celestial pole with an amplitude of about 0.7 arcseconds and a period of roughly 14 months. Shorter and longer time scale irregularities, due to internal motions of the earth, are not predictable and must be monitored by observation. The sum of Chandler wobble and irregular components of polar motion are published weekly in IERS Bulletin A along with predictions for a number of months into the future.

Observing Station Coordinates

There is quite a variety of local and globle coordinate systems that may be used to describe locations on the surface of the earth. The three of most importance in astronomy, geocentric, geodetic, and astronomical, are briefly described here. See Chapter 4 of the Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac [ref 3] for a more complete discussion of terrestrial coordinates.


Geocentric coordinates are most useful for VLBI and pulsar timing where the observer's three-dimensional location in space is important. The reference planes are the equator, the Greenwich Meridian, and the plane through the earth's axis and perpendicular to the Greenwich Meridian, call it the east-west plane. A telescope's rectangular cordinate components (x,y,z) are
 x = distance from the east-west plane, Greewich being positive x
y = eastward distance from the Greenwich Merdian
z = northward distance from the equator
For example, the coordinates for the 140-ft telescope from VLBI are
 x =   882880.0208 meters
y = -4924482.4385 meters
z = 3944130.6438 meters
Geocentric latitude and longitude are not commonly used, but they are defined by
 latitude  = arctan( z / sqrt( x^2 + y^2 ) )
longitude = arctan( y / x )


The closest simple approximation to the shape of the surface of the earth is an ellipse rotated around the earth's axis, an ellipsoid. The difference between the long and short axes of this ellipse is about 0.3%. The value of flattening [ref 4], adopted by the IERS in 1989 is [ref 5]
 f = ( a - b ) / a = 1.0 / 298.275
where a is the equatorial axis, and b is the polar axis of the ellipsoid.

Geodetic coordinates are a measure of the direction of the line perpendicular to the ideal ellipsoid at the observer's location on the earth. Geodetic longitude is the same as geocentric longitude because they share the same reference meridian and axis. Geodetic and geocentric latitude can differ by as much as 10 arcminutes at mid latitudes. The ellipsoid is mathematical concept so you cannot measure from it directly, but it differs from mean sea level, also called the geoid, by less than 100 meters and more typically by less than 20 or 30 meters [ref 7].

Observatory longitude and latitude given in Section J of the Astronomical Almanac can be considered geodetic to the accuracy of the significant figures listed. Observatory elevation are listed above mean sea level. Until 1984 the Almanac gave the height displacement between the reference ellipsoid and mean sea level for a number observatories. This has been discontinued, and the definition of the reference ellipsoid has been refined in the meantime.

If geocentric coordinates for an observatory are not available directly they may be derived from geodetic coordinates using the equations given in ref [6].

Astronomical or Geographic

The observatory coordinates that can be measured with only local information are astronomical or geographic longitude and latitude. They are defined by the local gravity vector and the direction of the celestial pole. Since the gravity vector is influenced by the local distribution of mass and density near the observatory, the difference between astronomical and geodetic coordinates can be as much as an arcminute.

For the purpose of pointing a telescope, astronomical coordinates are often sufficient. The conversion from altitude and azimuth to celestial coordinates can be made perfectly accurately using astronomical longitude and latitude and the sidereal time consistent with this longitude.

However, pointing corrections to most telescopes are on the order of minutes of arc and are determined from observations of celestial objects. Hence, there is no particular advantage to using astronomical coordinates. The local vertical and any known corrections are good starting points for determining telescope pointing. Once an altitude/azimuth coordinate system is defined on the basis of celestial measurements, it can be defined to be consistent with coordinates as defined in three dimensions by VLBI or some other technique.


[1] Hohenkerk, C.Y., Yallop, B.D., Smith, C.A., Sinclair, A.T., 1992, "Celestial Reference Systems", Chapter 3, p. 96, Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac, Seidelmann, P.K., Ed., U. S. Naval Observatory, University Science Books, Mill Valley, CA.

[2] ibid. p. 120

[3] Archinal, B.A., 1992, "Terrestrial Coordinates and the Rotation of the Earth", Chapter 4, p. 199, Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac, Seidelmann, P.K., Ed., U. S. Naval Observatory, University Science Books, Mill Valley, CA.

[4] ibid. p. 203

[5] ibid. p. 220

[6] ibid. p. 206

[7] Seidelmann, P.K., Wilkins, G.A., 1992, "Introduction to Positional Astronomy", Chapter 16, p. 199, Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac, Seidelmann, P.K., Ed., U. S. Naval Observatory, University Science Books, Mill Valley, CA.

Last updated February 5, 1996.

Rick Fisher's Home Page

Wednesday, November 23, 2005

Yoga Basics

> Dear SanjayP-ji,
> Namaskar. I read your nice analysis
(as quoted below) in vedic astrology group. One question.
> I think the query was about Graha Malika Yoga and it is different that Maalaa Yoga (listed in Nabhasa Yogas). Unlike
> Maalaa Yoga, GMY can include Ra/Ke in the chain. If not, kindly correct me. I am lacking thorough understanding of
> GMY although I have seen Sanjay-ji refer to this in this list. It seems the bhava which is at the tail of the chain (or Malika)
> is getting the focus. And the bhava at the head of the chain is initiating.
> I had detailed my questions earlier in this list (Message # 2076), however, I
didn't receive any reply. Kindly educate me on this topic.
> Best wishes,
> Sourav"

|| Om Gurave Namah ||
Namaste Sourav,

I was trying to get from basics. The Graha mallika yoga is more derived level yoga whose basics can be understood from Naabhasa yogas combinations. My whole effort was to say that there are thousands of yoga combinations. But they should begin from basics understanding. In that sense Graha Mallika yoga is derived from basic Naabhasa yoga. I
did not confuse between Maalaa yoga and Graha mallika yoga. Naabhasa yoga includes both Maalaa and Aakriti yoga. The Graha mallika is a sub class from the Aakriti yoga. The sequence of Yoga chapters given in Parasara are foundation for all Yoga analysis. So that my attempt in the previous mail.

Let me explain further my understandings on Yoga,

There are thousands of yoga possible, Primarily try to get the yogas classified from one of Paarashara yoga if possible.

Let me try to explain this better.

Yoga mean Union. Union means between Sun and moon. So all combinations are creation of Shiva Shakti.

So Primarily understand the position of Sun and moon,

1. Solar Yoga - Veshi and Voshi etc yoga
2. Lunar Yoga - Sunapha, Anapha, Durudhara, Kemadruma, Aadi etc

Thus all yoga are create by Sun and Moon, Just as by their union the moon goes in Shukla and Krishna Paksha the world and individual goes into the same.

Thus we have two more category,

1. Raaja Yoga: Like Shukla paksha
2. Parivrajya Yoga: Like Krishna paksha where renounciation increases.

Further in Raaja yoga we can classify them by two again by 2 royals, The Sun and moon.
1. Raajya yoga: Sun/Solar
2. Raajasambandha yoga: Royal association: Moon/Lunar.

Now, Just as the whole zodiac was created by Rashi (Sun) and Nakshatra chakra(Moon), Naabhasa mean from Nabha or Umbilical chord. As explained in previous mails. And the Sky (Brahma) created from the Vishnu's navel. The chart can be thought of as 12 Petal Lotus.

Just as Moon creates by 4 Kendras, The Naabhasa yoga is to understand the individual creation. The yoga is also understood in 4 Parts namely.

1. Aashraya Yoga: Rajju,Mussala,Nala (Rope, Rod and Tube). This yoga is like understanding the stalk of the lotus. There are many lotus in a pond. Some drift a lot some stay stationary etc. This depends on the way the stalk of the lotus is bound in the pond. Hence the 3 types of signs represents how the lotus moves about in the pond. It also indicates how the Lotus takes it's nourishments. The stalk is like the Legs of Dharma which always protects the individual and keeps one standing.

For example if the person has more number of planets in Moveable signs the person will move to many places and get the nourshments. If a person has more number of planets in dual sign the person be both moving and non moving. In the sense the person will alway keep one place as his home and then move around. Thus this yoga indicates the Support one gets.

2. Dala Yoga: are 2 type: Maalaa and Sarpa, Garland or Snake. These are like 2 amrita and poison. These two extremes are given as example the inbetween can be deduced. The grahas are classified in 2 categories malefic and benefic. Depending on more of them coming on quadrant the overal experience can be good or bad. This yoga indicates the malefic or benfic experience, malefic and benfic path taken, Understanding destruction and creation etc. The prime focus is on Malefics and Benifics. The malefics gets more power in Krishna Paksha (Waning) and Benefics in Shukla Paksha (Waxing moon). Thus this indicates the two paths taken by the individual. One towards Creation and the other towards Renunciation. Many malefics in quadrant can give a very difficult life and can make the person see the world like "Snake".

3. Aakriti yoga: Aakriti means patterns or forms, They are of 20 Types. If you note these 20 names given are like 20 weapons held in the hand of Durga. They are like providers of resources to fight the battle in life. So these yoga in which even the Graha mallika yoga comes under is like resources to individuals. The identification at naabhasa level gives more idea about the combination. Pay attention to each names and see what the various names or weapons or resources are useful for. The Kendras and patterns around the Kendras will give all the resources needed for the an individuals Profession, Wealth, Partners for Wealth Creation etc. Without these tools one cannot perform anything in these world.

4. Sankhyaa Yoga: They are of 7 types. indicating the 7 Rasa in humans. This indicates the desires of the person. If you note the 1st yoga is called Vallaki, Vallaka means Veena or 7 stringed musical instrument. These allude to Saraswati. The number of houses the 7 graha are spread out indicate the desires and creative potency of individual. 7 is maybe the highest and 1 gola yoga is lowest gives knowledge of renunciation more. So on. It indicates the basics Desires of the individual. The desires lead to creation.

Thus Parasara provides the basic foundation for all Yogas. The 9 Grahas with Lagna can form many different Yoga in each chart. The study should begin with proper understanding and classification of Yogas.

Warm Regards
Sanjay P

Monday, November 21, 2005

Jyotish and Vyaakarana Vedanga

|| Om Vaacaspataye Namah ||

Dear Friends,
Six Vedanga's (Grammar, Etymology, Pronunciation, Tunes, Kalpa , Jyotisha ) are needed to understand Vedas is well known to all students of Veda and related subjects.

Students should also understand that these Vedanga should also be mutually used to understand better. Like for example it's evident that you need to understand Shiksha (Pronunciation) correctly to understand say Tunes ( Chandas), Etymology of words correctly to get the meanings of words and Grammar to associated the words to make complete meaning and so on. But the use of Jyotish with others is not so evident. Like for example Students of Sanskrit usually focus on Pronunciation(Shiksha),
Etymology (Nirukta) and Grammar (Vyaakaran) but they don't have basics of Jyotish and Kalpa etc to tie things together.

To make my point clear and attempt an example, Let's take the example of Vibakti of Grammar. In Grammar (Vyaakaran) Vibhakti is an important word declinations to indicate the subject, object and verbs relations between them. Vibhakti means Prepositions. A Vibhakti is a declination(sounds added at the end of each noun) to indicate the relationship of Verb (Karma/Kriya) to the Person (both persons receiver and doer of karma).

There are 7 prime Vibhakti's or called cases, namely

1st case


1, 2, 3

2nd case


Object, to (when the verb is go), towards, about

3rd case


By, with, through

4th case

Dative case

For, to (when the verb is give)

5th case


From, than

6th case


Of, 's, among

7th case


In, on, at, among

In Jyotish 7 indicates relationships, A Karma is always performed between two people. The bhaava(house) is numbered Seven because Seven types of relations is possible. The seven types of resources are the Seven Rasa's. In Grammar this gives rise to Seven types of Vibhakti. Let's take an example "A Boy" is involved in an activity (Karma) Verb. This leads to Seven types of tasks "Boy" can be involved in,

Let me take example with Single Boy, The students can refer to grammar books for 2 and mulptiboy declinations,





Pratama Vibhakti

baalah बालः bālaḥ


A boy

Dwitiya Vibhakti

baalam बालं bālaṁ


A boy is object,

To a boy

Towards a boy

About a boy

Tritiya Vibhakti

baalena बालेन bālena


By a boy,

with a boy

through a boy

Chaturta Vibhakti

baalaaya बालाय bālāya


For a boy,

To a boy.

Pancama Vibhakti

baalaat बालात् bālāt


From a boy

Than a boy

Shashti Vibhakti

baalasya बालस्य bālasya


Of a boy,


Saptma Vibhakti

baalao बालौ bālau


In a boy

On a boy

At a boy

Note: The Sambodana or Exclamation is type of First.

Thus a relation to 7th house for partners and Seven types of relations formed with them for a certain karma can be understood.

For Example when we do mantra to worship each diety mostly we use the Fourth Vibhakti,
For example
The object : Shiva
Doer : Yourself
Action: Salutation

Namah Shivaaya
(I Salute) (To Shiva)
the Word Shiva is declined in 4th Vibhakti to form Shivaaya.
Thus 4th emotion of compassion can be invoked.

Warm Regards
Sanjay P

Post CCed: Http://


Thursday, November 10, 2005

Chart Reading Example KSY-SY-Panchottari Dasa

---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Sanjay Rath <>
Date: Nov 7, 2005 12:38 PM
Subject: Re: [sohamsa] Hare Rama krishna respected sri guru sanjay ji....

om namo bhagavate vasudevaya
Dear Paul
Your Guruji has got both Kalasarpa yoga and sarpa yoga. He is a very good person who has to suffer a lot due to the effect of these yoga. In 2000 his luck changed and he had a very good image abroad as Mars is with Mercury the lord of arudha lagna whose result he is giving. Then atmakaraka Moon antardasa started from Feb 2005 and this is the real trouble till 2007. The Moon is lagnesh placed in 6th house in navamsa and 12house from arudha lagna in rasi chart.
Panchottari dasa (applicable if lagna is in Cancer in rasi and dwadasamsa):
 Mars MD:  2000-09-02  -  2015-09-03
  Antardasas in this MD:
  Mars:  2000-09-02  -  2002-10-25
  Ven:  2002-10-25  -  2005-02-03
  Moon:  2005-02-03  -  2007-07-12
  Jup:  2007-07-12  -  2010-02-04
  Sun:  2010-02-04  -  2011-10-26
  Merc:  2011-10-26  -  2013-09-03
  Sat:  2013-09-03  -  2015-09-03
Chandramsa is dhanus and the present transit of Saturn in the 8th house from Chandramsa rasi (Sagittarius) is most difficult causing umpteen 8th house results like separation in family matters/spousal problems. The transit of Saturn over lagna will also show one death in family.
May I recommend this from the Rig Veda for such an inauspicious Saturn transit?
Use URW Palladio IT font

çaà na indrägné bhavatämavobhiù çaà na indrävaruëä rätahavyä
çamindräsomä suvitäya çaà yoù çaà na indräpüñaëä väjasätau
çaà no bhagaù çamu naù çaàso astu çaà naù purandhiùçamu santu räyaù
çaà naù satyasya suyamasya çaàsaùçaà no aryamä purujäto astu
çaà no dhätä çamu dhartä no astu çaà na urücé bhavatusvadhäbhiù
çaà rodasé bõhaté çaà no adriù çaà nodevänäà suhaväni santu
çaà no agnirjyotiranéko astu çaà no miträvaruëävaçvinä çam
çaà naù sukõtäà sukõtäni santu çaà na iñiroabhi vätu vätaù
çaà no dyäväpõthivé pürvahütau çamantarikñaà dõçayeno astu
çaà na oñadhérvanino bhavantu çaà no rajasas patirastu jiñëuù
çaà na indro vasubhirdevo astu çamädityebhirvaruëaù suçaàsaù
çaà no rudro rudrebhirjaläñaù çaà nastvañöä gnäbhiriha çõëotu
çaà naù somo bhavatu brahma çaà naù çaà no gräväëaùçamu santu yajäù
çaà naù svarüëäà mitayo bhavantu çaà naù prasvaù çaà vastu vediù
çaà naù sürya urucakñä udetu çaà naçcatasraù pradiço bhavantu
çaà naù parvatä dhruvayo bhavantu çaà naù sindhavaù çamu santväpaù
çaà no aditirbhavatu vratebhiù çaà no bhavantu marutaù svarkäù
çaà no viñëuù çam u püñä no astu çaà no bhavitraà çaà vastu väyuù
çaà no devaù savitä träyamäëaù çaà no bhavantüñaso vibhätéù
çaà naù parjanyo bhavatu prajäbhyaù çaà naùkñetrasya patirastu çambhuù
çaà no devä viçvadevä bhavantu çaà sarasvaté saha dhébhirastu
çamabhiñäcaù çamu rätiñäcaù çaà no divyäù pärthiväù çaà no apyäù
çaà naù satyasya patayo bhavantu çaà no arvantaù çamu santu gävaù
çaà na õbhavaù sukõtaù suhastäù çaà no bhavantu pitaro haveñu
çaà no aja ekapäd devo astu çaà no'hirbudhnyaù çaà samudraù
çaà no apäà napät perurastu çaà naù põçnirbhavatu devagopä
ädityä rudrä vasavo juñantedaà brahma kriyamäëaà navéyaù

With best wishes and warm regards,
Sanjay Rath
* * *
Sri Jagannath Center®
15B Gangaram Hospital Road
New Delhi 110060, India, +91-11-25717162

Respected Guru ji

Natal Chart

Date:          August 27, 1976
Time:          3:07:00
Time Zone:     5:30:00 (East of GMT)
Place:         74 E 36' 00", 30 N 55' 00"
               Ferozepore, India
Altitude:      0.00 meters

Lunar Yr-Mo:   Nala - Bhadrapada
Tithi:         Sukla Dwitiya (Mo) (37.49% left)
Vedic Weekday: Thursday (Ju)
Nakshatra:     Uttara Phalguni (Su) (77.06% left)
Yoga:          Siddha (Ke) (0.38% left)
Karana:        Kaulava (Ma) (74.97% left)
Hora Lord:     Jupiter (5 min sign: Sg)
Mahakala Hora: Saturn (5 min sign: Le)
Kaala Lord:    Venus (Mahakala: Venus)

Sunrise:       6:04:14 (August 26)
Sunset:        19:00:35 (August 26)
Janma Ghatis:  52.6154

Ayanamsa:      23-32-01.58
Sidereal Time: 0:56:26

Body                Longitude        Nakshatra Pada Rasi Navamsa

Lagna                1 Cn 55' 52.54" Puna      4    Cn   Cn
Sun - PiK           10 Le 13' 25.96" Magh      4    Le   Cn
Moon - AK           29 Le 43' 31.95" UPha      1    Le   Sg
Mars - PK            8 Vi 10' 34.35" UPha      4    Vi   Pi
Mercury - GK         7 Vi 27' 25.03" UPha      4    Vi   Pi
Jupiter - DK         6 Ta 44' 56.89" Krit      4    Ta   Pi
Venus - AmK         29 Le 17' 47.36" UPha      1    Le   Sg
Saturn - MK         16 Cn 36' 46.06" Push      4    Cn   Sc
Rahu - BK           13 Li 04' 57.10" Swat      2    Li   Cp
Ketu                13 Ar 04' 57.10" Aswi      4    Ar   Cn
Maandi              16 Ge 35' 08.57" Ardr      3    Ge   Aq
Gulika              16 Ge 35' 08.57" Ardr      3    Ge   Aq
Bhava Lagna         25 Ge 04' 10.24" Puna      2    Ge   Ta
Hora Lagna          10 Ta 45' 42.98" Rohi      1    Ta   Ar
Ghati Lagna         27 Sg 50' 21.22" USha      1    Sg   Sg
Vighati Lagna       23 Aq 13' 32.40" PBha      1    Aq   Ar
Varnada Lagna        1 Le 55' 52.54" Aswi      1    Le   Le
Sree Lagna          24 Vi 31' 15.32" Chit      1    Vi   Le
Pranapada Lagna     24 Li 04' 20.86" Visa      2    Li   Ta
Indu Lagna          29 Sc 43' 31.95" Jye       4    Sc   Pi
Dhooma              23 Sg 33' 25.96" PSha      4    Sg   Sc
Vyatipata            6 Cn 26' 34.04" Push      1    Cn   Le
Parivesha            6 Cp 26' 34.04" USha      3    Cp   Aq
Indra Chapa         23 Ge 33' 25.96" Puna      2    Ge   Ta
Upaketu             10 Cn 13' 25.96" Push      3    Cn   Li
Kaala                0 Le 40' 23.81" Magh      1    Le   Ar
Mrityu              25 Pi 57' 33.25" Reva      3    Pi   Aq
Artha Prahara       23 Ar 40' 05.76" Bhar      4    Ar   Sc
Yama Ghantaka       17 Ta 06' 57.12" Rohi      3    Ta   Ge
Prana Sphuta        26 Vi 14' 31.27" Chit      1    Vi   Le
Deha Sphuta         14 Li 23' 24.21" Swat      3    Li   Aq
Mrityu Sphuta        6 Aq 19' 25.95" Dhan      4    Aq   Sc
Sookshma TriSphuta  16 Aq 57' 21.43" Sata      4    Aq   Pi
TriSphuta           18 Aq 14' 33.07" Sata      4    Aq   Pi
ChatusSphuta        28 Ge 27' 59.03" Puna      3    Ge   Ge
PanchaSphuta        11 Cp 32' 56.12" Srav      1    Cp   Ar
V2                   1 Sc 55' 52.54" Aswi      1    Sc   Vi
V3                   1 Sg 55' 52.54" Aswi      1    Sg   Sg
V4                   1 Pi 55' 52.54" Aswi      1    Pi   Ta
V5                   1 Ar 55' 52.54" Aswi      1    Ar   Ar
V6                   1 Cn 55' 52.54" Aswi      1    Cn   Ta
V7                   1 Le 55' 52.54" Aswi      1    Le   Sg
V8                   1 Sc 55' 52.54" Aswi      1    Sc   Vi
V9                   1 Sg 55' 52.54" Aswi      1    Sg   Le
V10                  1 Pi 55' 52.54" Aswi      1    Pi   Ta
V11                  1 Ar 55' 52.54" Aswi      1    Ar   Ar
V12                  1 Cn 55' 52.54" Aswi      1    Cn   Ta
Kunda                6 Sg 25' 55.79" Mool      2    Sg   Ta

|           |Ke         |Ju   HL    |Md   Gk    |
|           |           |           |           |
|           |           |           |           |
|           |           |           |           |
|           |           |           |           |
|           |                       |As   Sa    |
|           |                       |           |
|           |                       |           |
|           |                       |           |
|           |                       |           |
|-----------|         Rasi          |-----------|
|           |                       |Su   Mo    |
|           |                       |Ve         |
|           |                       |           |
|           |                       |           |
|           |                       |           |
|GL         |           |Ra         |Ma   Me    |
|           |           |           |AL         |
|           |           |           |           |
|           |           |           |           |
|           |           |           |           |
|Ma   Me    |HL         |AL         |           |
|Ju         |           |           |           |
|           |           |           |           |
|           |           |           |           |
|           |           |           |           |
|Md   Gk    |                       |As   Su    |
|           |                       |Ke         |
|           |                       |           |
|           |                       |           |
|           |        Navamsa        |           |
|-----------|                       |-----------|
|Ra         |          D-9          |           |
|           |                       |           |
|           |                       |           |
|           |                       |           |
|           |                       |           |
|Mo   Ve    |Sa         |           |           |
|GL         |           |           |           |
|           |           |           |           |
|           |           |           |           |
|           |           |           |           |

Vimsottari Dasa (started from Moon):

Sun  Sun 1975-04-08  Moon 1975-07-30  Mars 1976-01-27 
     Rah 1976-06-02  Jup 1977-04-26  Sat 1978-02-13 
     Merc 1979-01-27  Ket 1979-12-05  Ven 1980-04-08 
Moon  Moon 1981-04-08  Mars 1982-02-07  Rah 1982-09-11 
      Jup 1984-03-08  Sat 1985-07-10  Merc 1987-02-07 
      Ket 1988-07-10  Ven 1989-02-07  Sun 1990-10-12 
Mars  Mars 1991-04-08  Rah 1991-09-08  Jup 1992-09-26 
      Sat 1993-09-02  Merc 1994-10-12  Ket 1995-10-09 
      Ven 1996-03-03  Sun 1997-05-03  Moon 1997-09-11 
Rah  Rah 1998-04-08  Jup 2000-12-22  Sat 2003-05-16 
     Merc 2006-03-21  Ket 2008-10-11  Ven 2009-10-30 
     Sun 2012-10-29  Moon 2013-09-23  Mars 2015-03-21 
Jup  Jup 2016-04-08  Sat 2018-05-28  Merc 2020-12-10 
     Ket 2023-03-15  Ven 2024-02-20  Sun 2026-10-24 
     Moon 2027-08-12  Mars 2028-12-10  Rah 2029-11-17 
Sat  Sat 2032-04-08  Merc 2035-04-12  Ket 2037-12-22 
     Ven 2039-01-30  Sun 2042-03-30  Moon 2043-03-13 
     Mars 2044-10-15  Rah 2045-11-23  Jup 2048-09-29 
Merc  Merc 2051-04-09  Ket 2053-09-08  Ven 2054-09-05 
      Sun 2057-07-05  Moon 2058-05-09  Mars 2058-10-12 
      Rah 2059-10-09  Jup 2063-04-24  Sat 2065-08-02 
Ket  Ket 2068-04-08  Ven 2068-09-08  Sun 2069-11-08 
     Moon 2070-03-12  Mars 2069-10-15  Rah 2071-03-10 
     Jup 2072-03-27  Sat 2073-03-03  Merc 2074-04-12 
Ven  Ven 2075-04-09  Sun 2078-08-12  Moon 2079-08-12 
     Mars 2081-04-09  Rah 2082-06-10  Jup 2085-06-10 
     Sat 2088-02-08  Merc 2091-04-09  Ket 2094-02-08