Agni Mantra

Agni Mantra

Thursday, August 25, 2005

SAPTA-RSI

Article Quoted from the Above linked location.

SAPTA-RSI

Seven Sages of the Seventh Manvantara


Ursa major

The constellation of Ursa Major, the Great Bear (Rksa), is forever present in the northern sky; seven stellar pupils seen as seven astral eyes, radiant through self-reflexion.
Their path about the Pole defines the innermost third of the sky, and marks the celestial division of Heaven and Earth.
And this bear's claw is the ancient sage's defining cleaver.

Those Sapta-Rsi are named:

1. Visvamitra

Dubhe (Dubb, Ak): Bear, Alpha Ursæ Majoris.

2. Jamadagni
Merak (Mirak): Loins, Beta Ursæ Majoris.

3. Bharadvaja
Phad (Phecda; Phekda; Phegda; Phekha; Phacd): Thigh, Gamma Ursæ Majoris.

4. Gautama
Megrez (Kaffa): Insertion-point (of the bear's tail), Delta Ursæ Majoris.

5. Atri
Alioth (Aliath): Goat, Epsilon Ursæ Majoris.

6. Vasistha
Mizar (Mizat; Mirza): Wrapping (Loincloth), Zeta Ursæ Majoris.

7. Kasyapa
Alkaid (Benetnash, Benetnasch, Elkeid): Chief Daughter of the Bier, Eta Ursæ Majoris.



Vishvamitra, Jamadagni, Bharadvaja, Gautama, Atri, Vasishta, Kashyapa.




* *

At the root of this flagellum is the blue Kasyapa, while the tip is armed by golden Visvamitra.


* * *

A Trikuta (Triple-peak) is revealed in this Sat-Sangha (Communion of Truth):
the Angles of 1-2-3 (Candra), 3-4-5 (Durvasas), and 5-6-7 (Datta), whose summits are
Jamadagni, Gautama, and Vasistha.

The Mahabharata tells of Three-headed (Trisiras) Visvarupa, whose three sets of triple-eyes were severally intent on
the Vedas (Sattva-guna), Wine (Rajas-guna), and the World (Tamas-guna).
Indra divided those heads, who are the three sons of Atri, releasing three birds:
three little Hamsas, named Kapiñjala (Heathcock), Kalavinka (Cuckoo), and Tittiri (Partridge).

And the Padmapurana recalls that Durvasas had the Sakti of Gautama,
through the Tapas of 1,000 Rudras ~ the Satarudriya Mantras.



* * * * *

The fifth Rsi (Atri) is the father of five Saiva tribes;
and, as the only member not forming a Trikona (Triangle), Atri is Beyond Trinity.

Bharadvaja divides Candra from the body of five Rsis.
And that Pañca stand as Sthanu (the Remainder), the five-faced Rudraksa,
the Pasupatastra ranged as Hamsa about the focus of Atri (i.e. Anusuya).



* * * * * *

Across the Galactic Equator, a cluster of six stars called Pleiades is the first constellation of the Indian astral calendar;
and they are remembered as the remaining wives of the Sapta-Rsi. Only ever-faithful Anasuya dwells with her consort.

In Old Tamil, Min indicates a glittering object, and names both a Star and a Fish;
the Pleiades are thus Six-Fish (Aru-min), and Ursa major is the Seven-Fish (Elu-Min).

In Sumerian Cuneiform, every divine name is prefixed with the Star-pictogram,
which indicates God (Dingir) or Sky (Anu ~ the supreme deity of ancient Sumer).



Indus 5 Star-Fish




The Maha-Bharata Tirtha-Yatra described by Rsi Pulastya to Bhisma, and related by Muni Narada to Yudhisthira, begins at Puskara and ends at Prayaga. Although, the exact route north from Gokarna to Prayaga is difficult to ascertain from the Mahabharata's text.

Upon reaching the Payosni (Wainganga?) River and its confluence with the Godavari, however, the pilgrim is directed into the Dandakaranya and (via Sarabhangasrama and Sukratirtha) to Suraparaka.

Suraparaka is probably the Soupara of Ptolemy (and perhaps the biblical Sophir or Ophir). It is apparently Sopara on the coast just north of Mumbai, which is said to have been reclaimed from the sea by Jamadagni's son Parasurama. And Sukratirtha is apparently on the north bank of Godavari.

A journey along the ancient trading route between Sopara (near Agasi) and the Saptagodavara (Pancavati and Nasik), followed the Vaitarna River to Igatpuri, which lies in a pass between the peaks of Tringalvadi and Kalsubai (the highest mountain of Maharastra).

The Saptagodavara is usually understood as the Godavari Delta, which opens beyond Rajamundry into the Bay of Bengal, where the Godavari has seven Gaumukhas, and the seven mouths of Godavari are known as: Kasyapa, Atri, Gautama, Bharadvaja, Visvamitra, Jamadagni, and Vasistha. The same seven streams, however, first appear in the headwaters of the Godavari, and five of them span the region known as Pancavati. The first (in the south) springs from Kalsubai and Kulang; and the seventh (in the north) rises at the foot of Saptasringi (north of Vani) and nearby Goraknath.

These Sapta Go-Dvara (or Seven Doors of Light) are the Sapta Rksa, the Sapta Rsi, and the Sapta Sringi; seven spiritual summits watched by the original Go-Raksas, whose Amrta flow sustains and illuminates the whole of Bharatavarsa; seven divine emanations in earthly reflexion of the constellation Ursa major, spanning seven Yojanas across the heart of the Dandakaranya.


The Way to Riches



HRSI

GAUMUKHA

NADI

SANGAMA

I

Visvamitra

Kalsubai (1646m)

Dharna

near Igatpuri

II

Jamadagni

Tringalvadi (987m)

near Ghoti

III

Bharadvaja

Harihara (1255m)

Avandha

at Nandgaon

IIII

Gautama

Anjana (1300m)

Gautama

near Pandu Leni

V

Atri

Brahmagiri (1300m)

below Nasik

VI

Vasistha

Bhorgada (1085m)

Banganga

below Ojhar and Sukene

VII

Kasyapa

Goraknatha (1450m)

Vadali

near Nandur Madmeshwar




Goraksa Bharadvaja



In the Mahabharata [3 (33) 83], Pulastya describes Tirthayatra in the Dandakaranya and adjacent Tungakaranya:

Repairing to the Dandakaranya and touching the water, there is the reward of a thousand cows from just bathing. [83.38]

If one goes to the Ashrams of Sarabhanga and the great-spirited Sukra, he suffers no reverses and purifies his family. [83.39]

After bathing at the [upper] Saptagodavara, restrained and of meagre diet, he wins great merit and goes to Brahmaloka. [83.41]

Then he should go to Suraparaka, which was visited by Jamadagnya, and bathe at Ramatirtha: he will find much gold. [83.40]

Reaching the Tungakaranya (Tunga Forest), chaste and master of his senses ~ there Sarasvata Rsi of old taught the Vedas,
and the lost Vedas were taught again by the son of the hermit Angiras, seated on the upper garments of the Rsis:
when someone correctly enunciated the syllable OM according to the rules, the lore that he had previously rehearsed came back to him. [83.43-45]

Now when one enters that Tungakaranya, man or woman, all one's evil disappears. [83.50]


sapta riksha ~ vishvamitra, jamadagni, bharadvaja, gautama, atri, vasishtha, and kashyapa.
atri ~ chandra, durvasas, and dattatreya.

4 comments:

Sanjay Prabhakaran said...

Read Further

Descendants of the Dipper
http://www.kencroswell.com/DescendantsOfTheDipper.html

Sanjay Prabhakaran said...

Kali Yuga
saptarsinam tu yau purvau
drsyete uditau divi
tayos tu madhye naksatram
drsyate yat samam nisi

tenaiva rsayo yuktas
tisthanty abda-satam nrnam
te tvadiye dvijah kala
adhuna casrita maghah

SYNONYMS

sapta-rsinam—of the constellation of the seven sages (the constellation known to Westerners as Ursa Major); tu—and; yau—which two stars; purvau—first; drsyete—are seen; uditau—risen; divi—in the sky; tayoh—of the two (named Pulaha and Kratu); tu—and; madhye—between; naksatram—the lunar mansion; drsyate—is seen; yat—which; samam—on the same line of celestial longitude, as their midpoint; nisi—in the night sky; tena—with that lunar mansion; eva—indeed; rsayah—the seven sages; yuktah—are connected; tisthanti—they remain; abda-satam—one hundred years; nrnam—of human beings; te—these seven sages; tvadiye—in your; dvijah—the elevated brahmanas; kale—in the time; adhuna—now; ca—and; asritah—are situated; maghah—in the asterism Magha.

TRANSLATION

Of the seven stars forming the constellation of the seven sages, Pulaha and Kratu are the first to rise in the night sky. If a line running north and south were drawn through their midpoint, whichever of the lunar mansions this line passes through is said to be the ruling asterism of the constellation for that time. The Seven Sages will remain connected with that particular lunar mansion for one hundred human years. Currently, during your lifetime, they are situated in the naksatra called Magha.

Sanjay Prabhakaran said...


bṛhatsaṁhitā of ācārya varāhamihira


अध्याय १३ सप्तर्षिचाराध्यायः

/ सैकावलीव राजति ससितोत्पलमालिनी सहासेव।
/ नाथवतीव च दिग्‌ यैः कौवेरी सप्तभिः मुनिभिः॥
/ ध्रुवनायकोपदेशान्‌ नरिनर्ती नर्त्ती वोत्तरा भ्रमद्भिश्च।
/ यैश्चारमहं तेषां कथयिष्ये वृद्धगर्गमतात्‌॥
/ आसन्‌ मघासु मुनयः शासति पृथ्वीं युधिष्ठिरे नृपतौ।
/ षड्द्विकपंचद्वियुतः शककालः तस्य राज्ञश्च॥
/ एकैकस्मिन्न्‌ ऋक्षे शतं शतं ते चरन्ति वर्षाणाम्‌।
/ प्रागुदयतोऽपि अविवराद्‌ र्जून्‌ नयति तत्र संयुक्ताः
प्रागुत्तरतश्च एते सदा उदयन्ते ससाध्वीकाः॥
/ पूर्वे भागे भगवान्‌ मरीचिः अपरे स्थितो वसिष्ठोऽस्मात्‌।
/ तस्यांगिराः ततोऽत्रिः तस्यासन्नः पुलस्त्यश्च॥
/ पुलहः क्रतुः इति भगान्‌ आसन्ना अनुक्रमेण पूर्वाद्यात्‌ पूर्वाद्याः।
/ तत्र वसिष्ठं मुनिवरमुपाश्रितारुन्धती साध्वी॥
/ उल्काशनिधूमाद्यैः हता विवर्णा विरश्मयो ह्रस्वाः।
/ हन्युः स्वं स्वं वर्गं विपुलाः स्निग्धाश्च तद्वृद्ध्यै॥
/ गन्धर्वदेवदानवमन्त्रौषधिसिद्धयक्षनागानाम्‌।
/ पीडाकारो मरीचिः ज्ञेयो विद्याधराणां च॥
/ शकयवनदरदपारतकांबोजां तापसान्‌ वनोपेतान्‌।
/ हन्ति वसिष्ठोऽभिहतो विवृद्धिदो रश्मिसंपन्नः॥
/ अंगिरसो ज्ञानयुता धीमन्तो ब्राह्मणाश्च निर्दिष्टाः।
/ अत्रेः कान्तारभवा जलजानि अंभोनिधिः सरितः॥
/ रक्षःपिशाचदानवदैत्यभुजंगाः स्मृताः पुलस्त्यस्य।
/ पुलहस्य तु मूलफलं क्रतोः तु यज्ञाः सयज्ञभृतः॥

adhyāya 13 saptarṣicārādhyāyaḥ

/ saikāvalīva rājati sasitotpalamālinī sahāseva |
/ nāthavatīva ca dig yaiḥ kauverī saptabhiḥ munibhiḥ ||
/ dhruvanāyakopadeśān narinartī (narttī) vottarā bhramadbhiśca |
/ yaiścāramahaṁ teṣāṁ kathayiṣye vṛddhagargamatāt ||
/ āsan maghāsu munayaḥ śāsati pṛthvīṁ yudhiṣṭhire nṛpatau |
/ ṣaḍdvikapaṁcadviyutaḥ śakakālaḥ tasya rājñaśca ||
/ ekaikasminn ṛkṣe śataṁ śataṁ te caranti varṣāṇām |
/ prāgudayato'pi avivarād rjūn nayati tatra saṁyuktāḥ
(prāguttarataśca ete sadā udayante sasādhvīkāḥ) ||
/ pūrve bhāge bhagavān marīciḥ apare sthito vasiṣṭho'smāt |
/ tasyāṁgirāḥ tato'triḥ tasyāsannaḥ pulastyaśca ||
/ pulahaḥ kratuḥ iti bhagān āsannā anukrameṇa pūrvādyāt (pūrvādyāḥ) |
/ tatra vasiṣṭhaṁ munivaramupāśritārundhatī sādhvī ||
/ ulkāśanidhūmādyaiḥ hatā vivarṇā viraśmayo hrasvāḥ |
/ hanyuḥ svaṁ svaṁ vargaṁ vipulāḥ snigdhāśca tadvṛddhyai ||
/ gandharvadevadānavamantrauṣadhisiddhayakṣanāgānām |
/ pīḍākāro marīciḥ jñeyo vidyādharāṇāṁ ca ||
/ śakayavanadaradapāratakāṁbojāṁ tāpasān vanopetān |
/ hanti vasiṣṭho'bhihato vivṛddhido raśmisaṁpannaḥ ||
/ aṁgiraso jñānayutā dhīmanto brāhmaṇāśca nirdiṣṭāḥ |
/ atreḥ kāntārabhavā jalajāni aṁbhonidhiḥ saritaḥ ||
/ rakṣaḥpiśācadānavadaityabhujaṁgāḥ smṛtāḥ pulastyasya |
/ pulahasya tu mūlaphalaṁ kratoḥ tu yajñāḥ sayajñabhṛtaḥ ||

Sanjay Prabhakaran said...

Current Co-ordinates of Sapta Rishi
Gathered from StarCalc
»Star
Dubhe
Alp Ursae Majoris (50; 5070; HR 4301)
Current apparent equat. coordinates:
Alp: 11h 4m 3.1s Del: +61° 43' 11"
Equat. coordinates (J2000):
Alp: 11h 3m 43.7s Del: +61° 45' 3"
V: 1.79m; Parallax: 0.038"
Spectrum: K0IIIae; B-V: 1.07m binary.; spec.-binary.

»Star
Merak
Bet Ursae Majoris (48; 5053; HR 4295)
Current apparent equat. coordinates:
Alp: 11h 2m 9.6s Del: +56° 21' 6"
Equat. coordinates (J2000):
Alp: 11h 1m 50.5s Del: +56° 22' 57"
V: 2.37m; Parallax: 0.053"
Spectrum: A1V; B-V: -0.02m spec.-binary.


»Star
Phad
Gam Ursae Majoris (64; 5379; HR 4554)
Current apparent equat. coordinates:
Alp: 11h 54m 6.3s Del: +53° 39' 49"
Equat. coordinates (J2000):
Alp: 11h 53m 49.8s Del: +53° 41' 41"
V: 2.44m; Parallax: 0.028"
Spectrum: A0Ve; B-V: 0.00m spec.-binary.


»Star
Megrez
Del Ursae Majoris (69; 5513; HR 4660)
Current apparent equat. coordinates:
Alp: 12h 15m 40.9s Del: +57° 0' 5"
Equat. coordinates (J2000):
Alp: 12h 15m 25.6s Del: +57° 1' 57"
V: 3.31m; Parallax: 0.061"
Spectrum: A3V; B-V: 0.08m binary.


»Star
Alioth
Eps Ursae Majoris (77; Eps UMa; HR 4905)
Current apparent equat. coordinates:
Alp: 12h 54m 15.2s Del: +55° 55' 47"
Equat. coordinates (J2000):
Alp: 12h 54m 1.7s Del: +55° 57' 35"
V: 1.77m; Parallax: 0.009"
Spectrum: A0pCr; B-V: -0.02m spec.-binary.


»Line of constellation "Ursa Major"
»Star
Mizar
Zet Ursae Majoris (79; 6224; HR 5054)
Current apparent equat. coordinates:
Alp: 13h 24m 7.7s Del: +54° 53' 48"
Equat. coordinates (J2000):
Alp: 13h 23m 55.5s Del: +54° 55' 31"
V: 2.27m; Parallax: 0.047"
Spectrum: A1VpSrSi; B-V: 0.02m binary.; spec.-binary.


»Star
Zet Ursae Majoris (79; 6225; HR 5055)
Current apparent equat. coordinates:
Alp: 13h 24m 8.6s Del: +54° 53' 35"
Equat. coordinates (J2000):
Alp: 13h 23m 56.4s Del: +54° 55' 18"
V: 3.95m; Parallax: 0.047"
Spectrum: A1m; B-V: 0.13m binary.; spec.-binary.


»Star
Alcor
80 Ursae Majoris (6238; HR 5062)
Current apparent equat. coordinates:
Alp: 13h 25m 25.6s Del: +54° 57' 35"
Equat. coordinates (J2000):
Alp: 13h 25m 13.5s Del: +54° 59' 17"
V: 4.01m; Parallax: 0.045"
Spectrum: A5V; B-V: 0.16m spec.-binary.

»Star
Alkaid
Eta Ursae Majoris (85; 6450; HR 5191)
Current apparent equat. coordinates:
Alp: 13h 47m 44.4s Del: +49° 17' 11"
Equat. coordinates (J2000):
Alp: 13h 47m 32.4s Del: +49° 18' 48"
V: 1.86m; Parallax: 0.035"
Spectrum: B3V; B-V: -0.19m spec.-binary.